Anetoderma of prematurity in association with electrocardiographic electrodes.
ABSTRACT Anetoderma in premature infants is an uncommon lesion that may be associated with the use of various types of monitoring leads. In 2 infants multiple papules of anetoderma occurred on the forehead in association with the use of gel electrocardiographic electrodes. It is postulated that the cause of these papules was a local hypoxemia caused by pressure from the electrodes. Growth-restricted infants may be particularly predisposed to iatrogenic anetoderma.
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ABSTRACT: Anetoderma is a skin disorder characterized by focal loss of elastic tissue in the mid dermis, resulting in localized areas of macular depressions or pouchlike herniations of skin. An iatrogenic form of anetoderma has been rarely described in extremely premature infants and has been related to the placement of monitoring devices on the patient skin. Because of the increasing survival of extremely premature infants, it is easy to foresee that the prevalence of anetoderma of prematurity will increase in the next future. Although it is a benign lesion, it persists over time and can lead to significant aesthetic damage with need for surgical correction. Sometimes the diagnosis can be difficult, especially when the atrophic lesions become evident after discharge. Here, we report on a premature infant born at 24 weeks of gestation, who developed multiple anetodermic patches of skin on the trunk at the sites where electrocardiographic electrodes were previously applied. The knowledge of the disease can encourage a more careful management of the skin of extremely premature babies and aid the physicians to diagnose the disease when anetoderma patches are first encountered later in childhood.Case reports in dermatological medicine. 01/2014; 2014:781493.
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ABSTRACT: Pese a los considerables progresos alcanzados en la comprensión del funcionamiento de las metaloproteasas, la patogenia de las elastopatías sigue siendo un misterio. Esta carencia de conocimientos se traduce en la ausencia de avances terapéuticos significativos. Sin embargo, el diagnóstico clinicopatológico de estas enfermedades es indispensable, pues actúan como marcadores de numerosas alteraciones congénitas o adquiridas.EMC - Dermatología. 01/2006; 40(3):1–9.