Article

Total elbow arthroplasty for treatment of elbow arthritis.

Denver Orthopedic Specialists, PC, USA.
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.32). 01/1999; 8(4):367-78. DOI: 10.1016/S1058-2746(99)90163-5
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The operation of the total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is recommended in case of advanced joint destruction. At present both in our country and abroad, the number of elbow arthroplasties performed per year is increasing. Surgical procedures are difficult, and postoperative complications may arise. The aim of this study is to evaluate the function of the elbow and the clinical status of patients after having undergone TEA. Material/Methods: Our research is based on 18 patients who had undergone total elbow arthroplasty. The average patient age was 60. The follow-up time varied from 8-108 months. Postoperative assessment included the evaluation of the range of motion and grip strength using a dynamometer. Functional evaluation was carried out using Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and the SECEC Elbow Score (SES). We had also assessed the pain level (VAS), postoperative complications and patient satisfaction. The study included X-rays of the elbow for the evaluation of prosthesis integrity and possible signs of implant loosening. Results: The increase of the range of motion was seen among all patients. The amplitude of flexion and extension increased by an average of 25.3° (p<0.02). The results of all questionnaires of functional assessment showed a significant improvement comparing to results before surgery: DASH - 82.6 (±24.6) vs. 116.7 (±24.2), SECEC - 39.3 (±8.5) vs. 27.9 (±9.2), MEPS - 65 (±23.3) vs. 35.8 (±16.9). The VAS pain decreased from 10.9 (±3) to 5.3 (±4). In the postoperative period, 4 patients experienced inflammation, 2 patients had a loosening of prosthesis, and 6 needed a revision of the prosthesis. 94.4% patients were satisfied with the treatment. Conclusions: Total elbow arthroplasty effectively improves the clinical status of the patient by reducing pain, increasing range of motion and improving many activities of daily life.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To evaluate the effect of radial head resection on longevity in nonconstrained total elbow arthroplasty, Materials and Methods : The results of 20 cases of radial head replaced Pritchard ERS and 18 cases of radial head excised Kudo elbow was followed for 6 to 16 years, 10.6 years in average. The rate of loosening, osteolysis, radial head subluxation, joint dislocation and valgus deformity were compared between the two groups. Results'There was no exaggerated cubitus valgus in Pritchard ERS group. However there developed one case of delayed subluxation of radial head occurred in 6 years postoperatively, one case of loosening, and one case of sponta- neous fracture of humeral shaft due to osteolysis. In Kudo elbow group,5 cases (27.8%) showed exaggerated valgus deformity with instability. There were one case of loosening and one case of delayed dislocation occurred in a year postoperatively. Conclusion : The most clear feature of Kudo elbow was exaggerated cubitus valgus. However, the ostolysis was developed in both groups and there was no difference in rate of the other complications between the two groups.
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