Inhaled nitric oxide reduces pulmonary artery pressures in portopulmonary hypertension.

Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
Liver transplantation and surgery: official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society 10/1999; 5(5):381-7. DOI: 10.1002/lt.500050515
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pulmonary artery hypertension in association with liver failure (portopulmonary hypertension [PPHTN]) is a significant barrier to liver transplantation because patients with this condition have a very high mortality when transplantation is undertaken. Inhaled nitric oxide (NO), a potent pulmonary vasodilator, reduces pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) in some patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, but its effect in patients with PPHTN is controversial. We investigated the hemodynamic effects of inhaled NO in 6 patients with PPHTN. Five of 6 patients responded to NO inhalation with decreases in PAP and pulmonary vascular resistance of greater than 10%; these decreases were statistically significant at NO concentrations of 10 and 30 ppm. Cardiac output did not significantly change. We conclude that inhalation of NO reduces PAPs in some patients with PPHTN.

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