[Requirements for the successful implementation of unity of care: study of a computer-assisted dispensation of pharmaceuticals].
ABSTRACT Even though computerized workstations bring undisputed benefits in nursing units, introducing them is still hard when most of the staff members have to share the workstation. We took advantage of the implementation of the drug prescription software SAUPHIX in a nephrology department to better define the encountered difficulties. The workstation described in this paper is shared by physicians who enter their prescriptions (proprietary names, doses, routes of administration), nurses who use dosage schedules for drug administration, and the chemist who has authority to control prescription orders.
Six months after the implementation of the workstation, physicians and nurses had to fill out an anonymous questionnaire aimed at assessing each function of the software.
Prescriptions proved to be more accurate and legible, while management of drugs was more precise. However, interns complained that entering data was time consuming. Furthermore, they raised objections to control of prescription orders. Nurses criticized dosage schedules, the primary reason being that they had to change their practice. The convenience of notebooks was questioned by both physicians and nurses who would have preferred a greater number of desktop computers at their disposition.
The implementation of a computerized workstation requires information, diplomacy and negotiations to obtain real implication of the staff. Tasks and schedules must be specified for everybody. The system has to be carefully customized, according to the requirement of the unit. Computers must be properly chosen and allocated in sufficient number. Finally, appropriate preparation, staff training and follow-up of the computerized system are essential.