Non-tuberculous mycobacterial tenosynovitis: a review.
ABSTRACT The clinical characteristics, outcome and treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial tenosynovitis are reviewed. From lesions localized in the hand, 10 different species of non-tuberculous mycobacteria have been reported. The most common are Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium kansasii. Other less frequent organisms are Mycobacterium avium complex, Mycobacterium szulgai, Mycobacterium terrae, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium malmoense and Mycobacterium xenopi. The infections appear to be the result of previous trauma, surgical procedure, corticosteroid injection or non-apparent inoculation (water contamination). Immunosuppression is sometimes associated with the infections and can be considered as a risk factor. Surgical debridement and appropriate mycobacterial cultures are critical to enable diagnosis and appropriate management. Specimens should be inoculated on a range of media and incubated at a range of temperatures in order to isolate mycobacteria with different growth characteristics (with prolonged incubation). The optimal treatment of these infections is discussed.
- SourceAvailable from: Abdulrahman Alrajhi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium szulgai is a rare human pathogen that mainly causes pulmonary diseases. We report the first case of M. szulgai causing septic arthritis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus. A culture from the joint aspiration was needed to isolate and identify this organism. The patient was treated successfully with ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, and ethambutol.Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 02/2005; 37(3):235-7. DOI:10.1080/00365540410020802 · 1.64 Impact Factor
- Radiographics 03/2015; 35(2):493-497. DOI:10.1148/rg.352140028 · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium abscessus hand infections are rare and usually occur in immunocompromised patients or after injection with contaminated injectables. This article describes 2 cases of M abscessus infection of the hand in otherwise healthy fish handlers. Mycobacterium abscessus can cause severe chronic tenosynovitis even in immunocompetent patients and should be suspected alongside the more common M marinum as a cause of nontuberculous mycobacterial hand infections in patients with aquatic and fish exposure.The Journal of hand surgery 07/2010; 35(7):1142-5. DOI:10.1016/j.jhsa.2010.04.015 · 1.66 Impact Factor