Nonpathogenic common variants of IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 in association with total serum IgE levels
ABSTRACT Atopy is an immune disorder in which a Th2 dominant mechanism leads to high IgE levels and the clinical disorder asthma. It has been postulated that the Th1 cytokine IFNgamma, acting through its heterodimeric receptors, IFNgammaR1 and IFNgammaR2, in the induction/proliferation of Th1 cells, might suppress the Th2 responses that may underlie atopic asthma. However, neither murine nor human variants of IFNgamma associate with atopy. Several dysfunctional mutations have been identified in IFNgamma receptor genes (IFNGR1 and IFNGR2) in relation to severe and selective infections with poorly pathogenic organisms. However, little is known about common polymorphisms and their functional role in atopy. To test whether such variants of IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 relate to atopic asthma, we conducted a genetic association study in both British (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 200) populations. An intronic variant of IFNGR1 showed marginal association with total serum IgE levels in the British population compared with those with total IgE levels <30 IU/ml and those with >120-500 IU/ml [odds ratio = 2.00 (95% CI 1. 00-4.07), P = 0.048]. A coding variant, Gln64Arg of the IFNGR2, also associated with total serum IgE levels in the British population [chi(2) = 5.08, P = 0.024]. Further genetic and functional analyses are needed to clarify the role of variants of IFNgamma receptor genes in atopic immune disorder among different ethnic groups.
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ABSTRACT: In every study involving human immune parameters, large inter-subject variability occurs which can make interpretation of results difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether genetic variants in cytokine receptors could associate with variability in laboratory immune measures. A total of 207 normal volunteers were recruited in this study. Immunoregulatory profiles were measured by flow cytometry and genotyping assays were performed by allelic discrimination real-time PCR. Immunoregulatory profiles were categorized according to various single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of cytokine receptorsincluding T-56C and G-611A of IFN-γ receptor I (IFNGR1); Q64R of IFNGR2; and Ile50Val, Q576R and S503P of IL4R. Results reveal that Th1 levels were significantly higher in the heterozygous of the IFNGR1 T-56C polymorphism (minor allele) compared to wild-type (WT, major allele) (p=0.006). For the Q576R of IL4R, Th1/Th2 ratio was significantly lower for the homozygous SNP (Arg/Arg) compared to the WT (Gln/Gln) (p=0.035). In addition, the significant interaction effects of demographic characteristics on SNP-immune parameter associations were reported as well. We conclude that cytokine receptor polymorphisms might associate with variability in laboratory immune measures. Approach of SNP analysis of cytokine receptors can be useful in categorizing baseline immune responses to more accurately evaluate clinical immune data.Human immunology 09/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2013.09.007 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Allergic diseases are one of the major causes of morbidity in the developed countries today, and the prevalence of these diseases is increasing steadily. Study of total serum gE level is important in understanding the genetics of allergic iseases because IgE levels are considered to be a crucial pathogenic component. IL-13 plays an important role in the induction of IgE synthesis and in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. We sought to examine potential variation at the IL13 gene and estimate its effect on elevated IgE level and atopic dermatitis (AD). We conducted mutational analyses of the IL13 gene by using single-stranded conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing. Case control studies for high-IgE phenotype and AD were performed by using subjects from the German MAS-90 cohort. A novel IL13 coding region variant at 4257 bp (G to A, fourth exon) was identified. Case control studies of a German sample from the MAS-90 cohort showed significant associations between the presence of the A allele and two atopic phenotypes: high IgE (odds ratio, 2.38; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-4.21; P =.0026) and AD (odds ratio, 1.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-2.96; P =.03). This IL13 coding region variant may be involved in the pathogenesis of AD and high total serum IgE level in a study population of white subjects.Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 08/2000; 106(1 Pt 1):167-70. DOI:10.1067/mai.2000.107935 · 11.25 Impact Factor