Outcome of epithelial ovarian cancer in women under 40 years of age treated with platinum-based chemotherapy
Department of Oncology, UCL Medical School, London, U.K.European Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.42). 06/1999; 35(5):727-32. DOI: 10.1016/S0959-8049(99)00011-8
We retrospectively investigated the outcome of ovarian cancer in women aged less than 40 years treated in three randomised phase III studies of platinum-based chemotherapy. 624 patients had invasive epithelial ovarian cancer. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to study prognostic variables. 29 women (5%) were under 40 years of age. Stage, histological grade and amount of residual disease were significantly worse in women aged > or = 40 years. Median follow-up was 66.7 months. At 5 years 65% of women below 40 years of age were alive compared with 20% of older women (95% confidence interval (CI) of the difference 27.1-63.0). The progression-free interval was 59% versus 16% (95% CI 24.3-60.8). No patient under 40 years of age relapsed after 18 months. Age > or = 40 years was a poor prognostic variable, particularly for serous tumours, the commonest subtype in younger women (hazard ratio (HR): 3.33). Other prognostic factors were Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (HR: 1.25), presence of residual disease (HR: 1.43), histological grade (HR: 1.36) and International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (HR: 1.47). These results suggest that there are biological differences in the behaviour of serous carcinoma of the ovary in women of reproductive age compared with older women.
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ABSTRACT: To determine long-term survival and predictors of recurrence in a retrospective cohort of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer treated with intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy. Records were reviewed of 433 patients who received IP therapy for ovarian cancer between 1984 and 1998; follow-up data were available for 411 patients. IP therapy was provided as consolidation therapy (n = 89), or for treatment of persistent (n = 310) or recurrent (n = 12) disease after surgery and initial systemic therapy; therapy usually consisted of platinum-based combination therapy. Statistical analysis included tests for associations between potential prognostic factors, and between prognostic factors and survival. Survival probabilities were estimated by Kaplan-Meier methods, and prognostic factors for survival were evaluated by a Cox proportional hazard model. The mean age of patients was 52 years (range, 25 to 76 years). Distribution by stage and grade was as follows: stage I, 7; II, 24; III, 342; IV, 52; not available (NA), 8; and grade 1, 30; 2, 99; and 3, 289; NA, 15. The median survival from initiation of IP therapy by residual disease was none, 8.7 years; microscopic, 4.8 years; less than 1 cm, 3.3 years; more than 1 cm, 1.2 years. In a multivariate analysis, the only significant predictors of long-term survival were grade and size of residual disease at initiation of IP therapy. Prolonged survival was observed in selected patients receiving IP platinum-based therapy. It is not possible to determine the contribution of IP therapy to survival in this study. A relationship between size of disease at the initiation of IP therapy and long-term survival was demonstrated.Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2002; 20(3):694-8. DOI:10.1200/JCO.20.3.694 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The majority of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) who achieve a complete remission with front-line chemotherapy develop recurrent disease. Carboplatin and paclitaxel are used for patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent disease, although there is little information regarding the response and survival in unselected patients treated with this strategy. We sought to determine the outcomes for patients with EOC treated with carboplatin and paclitaxel at the time of first recurrence. In addition, we sought to define a new paradigm for disease transition in patients with EOC. Eighty-nine patients were identified who had a complete response to front-line platinum-based chemotherapy for EOC, relapsed 6 months after completion of front-line chemotherapy, and were treated with carboplatin and paclitaxel as second-line therapy. Eighty-four cases were available for analysis of survival end points, and 66 were assessable for response. The median follow-up was 27 months. The overall response rate was 70%. The median progression-free interval for the cohort was 13 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.7 to 13.8 months). The 3-year survival rate was 72% (95% CI, 59.4 to 86.1%). Toxicity was limited, and no deaths from treatment were observed. Using this data, it is possible to construct a disease states model of EOC, which provides risk estimates for transitions between clinically distinct categories. Re-treatment with carboplatin and paclitaxel is effective as initial therapy in recurrent EOC. This should form the basis of a randomized trial to determine the best agents for initial treatment of relapse from EOC in potentially platinum-sensitive patients.Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2002; 20(5):1238-47. DOI:10.1200/JCO.20.5.1238 · 18.43 Impact Factor
- International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 08/2002; 78(1):65-7. DOI:10.1016/S0020-7292(02)00070-X · 1.54 Impact Factor
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