Polarized sphingolipid transport from the subapical compartment: evidence for distinct sphingolipid domains.

Department of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Groningen, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.
Molecular Biology of the Cell (Impact Factor: 4.55). 11/1999; 10(10):3449-61. DOI: 10.1091/mbc.10.10.3449
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In polarized HepG2 cells, the sphingolipids glucosylceramide and sphingomyelin (SM), transported along the reverse transcytotic pathway, are sorted in subapical compartments (SACs), and subsequently targeted to either apical or basolateral plasma membrane domains, respectively. In the present study, evidence is provided that demonstrates that these sphingolipids constitute separate membrane domains at the luminal side of the SAC membrane. Furthermore, as revealed by the use of various modulators of membrane trafficking, such as calmodulin antagonists and dibutyryl-cAMP, it is shown that the fate of these separate sphingolipid domains is regulated by different signals, including those that govern cell polarity development. Thus under conditions that stimulate apical plasma membrane biogenesis, SM is rerouted from a SAC-to-basolateral to a SAC-to-apical pathway. The latter pathway represents the final leg in the transcytotic pathway, followed by the transcytotic pIgR-dIgA protein complex. Interestingly, this pathway is clearly different from the apical recycling pathway followed by glucosylceramide, further indicating that randomization of these pathways, which are both bound for the apical membrane, does not occur. The consequence of the potential coexistence of separate sphingolipid domains within the same compartment in terms of "raft" formation and apical targeting is discussed.

Download full-text


Available from: Sven C D van Ijzendoorn, Jul 07, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oncostatin M and cAMP signaling stimulate apical surface-directed membrane trafficking and apical lumen development in hepatocytes, both in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. Here, we show that oncostatin M, but not cAMP, promotes the A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP)-dependent anchoring of the PKA regulatory subunit (R)IIalpha to subapical centrosomes and that this requires extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 activation. Stable expression of the RII-displacing peptide AKAP-IS, but not a scrambled peptide, inhibits the association of RIIalpha with centrosomal AKAPs and results in the repositioning of the centrosome from a subapical to a perinuclear location. Concomitantly, common endosomes, but not apical recycling endosomes, are repositioned from a subapical to a perinuclear location, without significant effects on constitutive or oncostatin M-stimulated basolateral-to-apical transcytosis. Importantly, however, the expression of the AKAP-IS peptide completely blocks oncostatin M-, but not cAMP-stimulated apical lumen development. Together, the data suggest that centrosomal anchoring of RIIalpha and the interrelated subapical positioning of these centrosomes is required for oncostatin M-, but not cAMP-mediated, bile canalicular lumen development in a manner that is uncoupled from oncostatin M-stimulated apical lumen-directed membrane trafficking. The results also imply that multiple PKA-mediated signaling pathways control apical lumen development and that subapical centrosome positioning is important in some of these pathways.
    Molecular Biology of the Cell 08/2007; 18(7):2745-54. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E06-08-0732 · 4.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sphingoid bases have been implicated in various cellular processes including cell growth, apoptosis and cell differentiation. Here, we show that the regulated turnover of sphingoid bases is crucial for cell polarity development, i.e., the biogenesis of apical plasma membrane domains, in well-differentiated hepatic cells. Thus, inhibition of dihydroceramide synthase or sphinganine kinase activity with fumonisin B1 or N,N-dimethylsphingosine, respectively, dramatically perturbs cell polarity development, which is due to increased levels of sphinganine. Consistently, reduction of free sphinganine levels stimulates cell polarity development. Moreover, dihydroceramide synthase, the predominant enzyme responsible for sphinganine turnover, is a target for cell polarity stimulating cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) signaling cascades. Indeed, electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analyses revealed a significant reduction in sphinganine levels in cAMP/PKA-stimulated cells. These data suggest that sphinganine turnover is critical for and is actively regulated during HepG2 cell polarity development. Previously, we have identified an apical plasma membrane-directed trafficking pathway from the subapical compartment. This transport pathway, which is part of the basolateral-to-apical transcytotic itinerary, plays a crucial role in apical plasma membrane biogenesis. Here, we show that, as a part of the underlying mechanism, the inhibition of dihydroceramide synthase activity and ensuing increased sphinganine levels specifically perturb the activation of this particular pathway in the de novo apical membrane biogenesis.
    Molecular Biology of the Cell 10/2004; 15(9):4115-24. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E04-04-0290 · 4.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oncostatin M regulates membrane traffic and stimulates apicalization of the cell surface in hepatoma cells in a protein kinase A-dependent manner. Here, we show that oncostatin M enhances the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)2 inhibitor p27(Kip1), which inhibits G(1)-S phase progression. Forced G(1)-S-phase transition effectively renders presynchronized cells insensitive to the apicalization-stimulating effect of oncostatin M. G(1)-S-phase transition prevents oncostatin M-mediated recruitment of protein kinase A to the centrosomal region and precludes the oncostatin M-mediated activation of a protein kinase A-dependent transport route to the apical surface, which exits the subapical compartment (SAC). This transport route has previously been shown to be crucial for apical plasma membrane biogenesis. Together, our data indicate that oncostatin M-stimulated apicalization of the cell surface is critically dependent on the ability of oncostatin M to control p27(Kip1)/cdk2-mediated G(1)-S-phase progression and suggest that the regulation of apical plasma membrane-directed traffic from SAC is coupled to centrosome-associated signaling pathways.
    Molecular Biology of the Cell 10/2004; 15(9):4105-14. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E04-03-0201 · 4.55 Impact Factor