Sertoliform endometrioid carcinomas of the ovary: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 13 cases.
ABSTRACT Ovarian endometrioid carcinomas with sertoliform features (SECs) are infrequent and often misinterpreted as sex cord-stromal tumors. The clinicopathologic features and immunohistochemical expression of keratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), inhibin, and estrogen and progesterone receptors were evaluated in 13 cases of SEC. The women were 41 to 89 years of age (mean, 60 yr) with abdominal enlargement secondary to a unilateral ovarian mass as the most frequent clinical presentation. One patient displayed virilization. At presentation, 10 patients were Stage I, one was Stage II and two were Stage III. The tumors were composed of compact anastomosing cords and small tubules embedded within a fibrous stroma. Nuclear features were Grade 1 or 2 in all but one tumor. Areas of conventional endometrioid carcinoma were observed in 12 cases. An adenofibromatous component comprising 5 to 60% of the lesion was present in seven cases. All 12 cases examined immunohistochemically were positive for keratin and EMA and negative for inhibin with focal, luteinized stromal cells positive for inhibin in 10 cases. Estrogen and progesterone receptors were positive in 10 and 11 cases, respectively. Follow-up on 6 of 10 patients with Stage I and the one patient with Stage II disease displayed no evidence of disease 10 to 120 months (mean, 57 mo). Progressive disease and death occurred at 12 and 72 months only in the two women with Stage III disease, one of which had an associated serous carcinoma in the contralateral ovary. Adequate sampling, a careful search for areas of conventional endometrioid carcinoma, and immunohistochemical studies (including EMA, keratin, and inhibin) are helpful in the evaluation of ovarian tumors with sex cord-stromal features. SEC should be considered a well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma despite the presence of a solid, sex cord-like proliferation, with a good prognosis when confined to the ovary.
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ABSTRACT: Summary We present a case of Sex Cord Tumor of the ovary with undifferentiated areas in a 24 years-old female that was presented as cystic mass. We review the literature getting loose the diagnostic and prognos- tic aspects.
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ABSTRACT: Atypical proliferative (borderline) endometrioid tumors (APTs) and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinomas of the ovary constitute a spectrum of morphologically diverse proliferative tumors. There is currently no agreement on the criteria for distinguishing them. We report the clinicopathologic features of 56 proliferative endometrioid tumors focusing on the criteria for invasion, the clinical significance of microinvasion and cytologic atypia, and prognosis. Endometriomas, adenofibromas, adenosarcomas and moderately to poorly differentiated carcinomas were excluded, as were patients with concurrent endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium. The tumors were classified as atypical proliferative tumor (APT) (33 tumors), APT with intraepithelial carcinoma (high-grade cytology in a tumor lacking stromal invasion) (three tumors), APT with microinvasion (invasion <5 mm) (five tumors), and invasive carcinoma (invasion > or = 5 mm) ( 15 tumors). All tumors were confined to the ovary (stage I). In 50 patients, the tumor involved one ovary, and in three patients, the tumors were bilateral. The predominant growth pattern was adenofibromatous in 29 tumors and glandular or papillary in 27 tumors. In 8 (24%) of 41 APTs, areas of benign adenofibroma were identified, and in 13 (87%) of 15 carcinomas, areas of associated APT were identified. Stromal invasion was manifested by confluent glandular growth in all 15 invasive carcinomas and all tumors with microinvasion. Destructive infiltrative growth was also present in 2 (13%) of 15 carcinomas. Confluent glandular growth was the most common manifestation of stromal invasion and therefore served as the best criterion for the diagnosis of carcinoma. Squamous differentiation was observed in 24 tumors, and mucinous differentiation was seen in 20 tumors and was most often seen in APTs. Endometriosis was present in 14 patients with APTs and one patient with carcinoma. Four patients had hyperplasia or atypical hyperplasia of the endometrium. One patient with an APT had a concurrent peritoneal serous neoplasm. Twenty-one patients had available clinical follow-up. Twenty (95%) of 21 patients, including six with invasive carcinoma, two with microinvasion, one with intraepithelial carcinoma, and 11 with APT were alive with no evidence of disease with a mean follow-up of 47 months. One patient with carcinoma had recurrent tumor after 46 months and was alive 40 months after resection of the recurrent tumor. In this large series of proliferative endometrioid tumors, all were stage I and only one patient had a recurrence. Most carcinomas contained evidence of a precursor APT, and in some APTs, an associated benign adenofibroma was identified. Microinvasion or intraepithelial carcinoma occurred in 19% of APTs. This finding likely reflects the various stages of endometrioid carcinogenesis in the ovary. For clinical management, we suggest that these tumors be divided into two categories-APTs and well-differentiated carcinoma-because based on the available data, cytologic atypia and microinvasion appear not to affect the prognosis.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 11/2000; 24(11):1465-79. DOI:10.1097/00000478-200011000-00002 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The results of immunohistochemical staining are often assessed by semiquantitative scoring. However, these scoring systems are usually non-standardised and there has been little evaluation of the accuracy and reliability of this subjective assessment. To assess the accuracy of observer estimation of proportions of objects in an image. Images were generated that contained known proportions of pink squares in grids of 50 x 50 and 100 x 100 squares. Observers were shown each image for five seconds in random order and either estimated the proportion of pink squares or selected the image (from a pair of images) that contained the greater proportion of pink squares. The observers were four consultant histopathologists, seven trainee histopathologists, and six control non-histopathologists. The raw estimations of proportions showed a close correlation with the real proportions, with correlation coefficients of 0.94 and 0.95 for consultant and trainee histopathologists on the 50 x 50 grids. However, the performance in the comparison task was much higher, with an almost perfect classification for grids of equal size even when the proportions only differed by 5%. Histopathologists can estimate proportions of objects in an image with a reasonable degree of accuracy in this abstract test system. All observers, whether histopathologists or not, can discriminate between proportions that are only 5% different in equal sized image grids. This suggests that the generation and use of carefully calibrated reference images could greatly improve the accuracy and reliability of semiquantitative scoring of immunohistochemical or any other staining.Journal of Clinical Pathology 06/2001; 54(5):385-90. DOI:10.1136/jcp.54.5.385 · 2.55 Impact Factor