Cytologic and cytochemical features of adenoma malignum of the uterine cervix

Division of Clinical Pathology, Nagano Cancer Detection Center, Matsumoto, Japan.
Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.89). 11/1999; 87(5):245-53.
Source: PubMed


We previously reported that adenoma malignum (the mucinous type of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma [mucinous MDA]) of the uterine cervix expresses gastric phenotypes. The application of immunocytochemistry using HIK1083, a monoclonal antibody for gastric gland mucous cell mucin, enabled us to identify cellular clusters derived not only from typical lesions of mucinous MDA and less well differentiated lesions but also from gastric metaplasia. In this study, we tried to clarify the cellular features of such clusters in cervical and endometrial smears.
Twelve cases of mucinous MDA were studied. Papanicolaou stain and immunostaining with HIK1083 were performed on histologic and cytologic slides, including cervical and endometrial smears, decolorized smear slides, imprint slides of the tumors, and imprint slides of normal endocervical and gastric mucosa.
Cellular clusters derived from metaplastic lesions, typical lesions, and less well differentiated lesions were found in 9, 4, and 2 cases, respectively. The cellular clusters derived from the metaplastic lesions lacked atypia but resembled those from gastric mucosa. Those derived from the typical lesions showed slight atypia. The cytoplasmic mucins of these cellular clusters, which were positive for HIK1083, were stained yellowish-orange by Papanicolaou stain, whereas those of normal endocervical cells were negative for HIK1083 and were stained pinkish by Papanicolaou stain.
Yellowish-orange staining of cytoplasmic mucins by the Papanicolaou method is an important diagnostic clue aiding identification of mucinous MDA and related lesions by cytology. Moreover, immunostaining with HIK1083 is a useful tool in the diagnosis of these lesions by cytology as well as by histology. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol)

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    • "The differential diagnosis includes benign endocervical glands, atypical glandular cells, adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and endometrial adenocarcinoma.[242526] AIS shows loss of mucin and lacks abnormal single cells, which are both present in AM. "
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    ABSTRACT: Comparative immunostaining with antibodies against gastric mucin and p53 was performed on 6 cases of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of the uterine cervix. The MDAs consisted of predominant areas of glands lined by extremely well-differentiated tall columnar epithelial cells with little cytological atypia and minor foci of less well-differentiated glandular epithelium with a minor degree of nuclear atypia. Immunostaining for gastric mucin with a monoclonal antibody HIK1083 revealed that all the tumors areas of typical MDA were partly immunoreactive for HIK1083, but the coexisting less well-differentiated glands were essentially negative. Four MDAs focally contained cells with p53 positive nuclei that were located exclusively in the less well-differentiated cells that lacked gastric mucin. In the pelvic lymph nodes in 2 cases, most of the metastatic tumor was less differentiated and a positive reaction for HIK1083 was observed only in small foci of typical MDA. No significant overexpression of p53 was observed in the metastases. Immunohistochemical expression of gastric mucin and p53 may be related to the histological differentiation of MDA, and detection of p53 overexpression may help to identify critical steps in the local progression of MDA.
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