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Partial characterization of mosquito larvae extract modulating mouse and human cell proliferation.

Cátedra de Histología y Embriología 'B', Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Calle 60 y 120, La Plata, 1900, Argentina.
Cell Biology International (Impact Factor: 1.64). 02/1999; 23(3):219-26. DOI: 10.1006/cbir.1998.0337
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ABSTRACT Mosquito larvae crude extract have been found to alter the mitotic rate of several mouse epithelial cell populations such as enterocytes and tongue keratinocytes. Also, the dialysed fraction inhibits hepatocyte proliferation in hepatectomized males. These experiments suggested an inhibitory effect on the G1/S interphase. Consequently, we suggested the presence of some molecule or molecules related to the TGF-beta superfamily. In the present paper, we have assayed the crude extract on human mononuclear cells and the dialysed fraction of the extract on tongue keratinocyte proliferation. Furthermore, different protein fractions obtained using a molecular exclusion chromatographic column were assayed on hepatocyte proliferation of hepatectomized mice. Three groups of proteins have been isolated. Results show a dose-dependent effect of crude extract on mononuclear cell proliferation and the dialysed extract caused an inhibitory effect on tongue keratinocyte proliferation. With regard to the hepatocyte mitotic rate, an inhibitory effect appeared only in animals receiving the fraction with lower molecular weight. These results suggest the presence in mosquito larvae of some peptidic molecule or molecules resembling the activity of members of the TGF-beta superfamily.

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    ABSTRACT: Whilst looking for vertebrate growth factor homologues in insects, we found that a soluble fraction of a 12-80 kDa molecular weight band peaking at 25 kDa, isolated from mosquito larvae extracts by gel permeation chromatography, had a modulatory effect on mouse hepatocytes and adult human mononuclear cell proliferation. The effect disappeared after heating the extract at 90 degrees C for 30 min, suggesting that the active factor may be a protein. In order to determine the activity of the extract on cell function, we assessed the effect of the extract on pituitary hormone secretion in vitro. We assayed a dialyzed fraction (MW greater than 12 kDa) of mosquito larvae for its effect on the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) from dispersed rat pituitary cells. In normal anterior pituitary (AP) cells we found that the extract had a stimulatory effect on LH release but an inhibitory action on prolactin secretion. In AP cells obtained from estrogen-induced hyperplasia, the extract had an inhibitory effect on prolactin secretion. In all cases the effects were time- and dose-dependent. Interference of the mosquito proteins with the radioimmunoassay was checked and found to be negligible. After a 60 min incubation, cell viability was comparable in control and treated cells. Furthermore, the biological effect of the extract was thermally unstable. Our results suggest that mosquito larvae may share common factors with mammals, probably peptidic in nature, which are able to modulate cell function.
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Jul 23, 2014