Article

Müllerianosis of the ureter: a metaplastic lesion.

Department of Pathology, University Hospital, Granada, Spain.
The Journal of Urology (Impact Factor: 3.75). 01/2000; 162(6):2090-1. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5347(05)68111-6
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The theory of müllerianosis predicts that embryonic müllerian tissue, misplaced during organogenesis, results in the formation of 4 benign müllerian diseases-developmental adenomyosis, endometriosis, endosalpingiosis, and endocervicosis-(developmental müllerian diseases) that will be identified in human female fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and adults. Direct evidence is presented to support the existence of developmental adenomyosis, developmental endometriosis, and developmental endocervicosis in human female fetuses along with strong circumstantial evidence supporting the existence of all 4 developmental müllerian diseases in human female infants, children, adolescents, and adults. This evidence throws light upon the pathogenesis of rare müllerian lesions whose pathogenesis remains inexplicable by classical and modern theories. Furthermore, this research has scientific and clinical relevance: scientific relevance because it opens up a new field of comparative research-the 4 developmental müllerian diseases complement the 4 acquired müllerian diseases; clinical relevance because it identifies rare müllerian diseases curable by complete surgical excision.
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    ABSTRACT: Müllerianosis was first described as a rare entity consisting of an admixture of cervical, tubaric, or endometrial epithelium within the lamina propria and muscularis propria of the urinary bladder. This lesion occurs mainly in the dome or posterior wall of the urinary bladder in women of fertile age. Its clinical presentation is characterized by hematuria, pelvic pain, and dysuria, nonspecific symptoms that are related to the responsiveness of müllerian glands to hormonal stimuli. The major interest of müllerianosis resides in its similarity, from clinical, cytologic, and histologic viewpoints, to more threatening conditions, such as neoplasias. The clinical context and the identification of periglandular endometrial stroma at histologic examination with conventional hematoxylin-eosin stain, as well as the immunohistochemical demonstration of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the glands, are of diagnostic utility in the differential diagnosis. Müllerianosis may be responsive to gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists. Surgical resection may be justified in the case of clinical symptoms refractory to hormone therapy.
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