S-pombe Pbh1p: an inhibitor of apoptosis domain containing protein is essential for chromosome segregation

Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, The National University of Singapore, Singapore.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.34). 11/1999; 460(1):187-90. DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(99)01329-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Proteins containing the baculovirus inhibitor of apoptosis repeats (BIR domains) have been identified in a wide range of species. BIR domain containing proteins are thought to inhibit caspases and thereby cause inhibition of apoptosis. A BIR domain containing protein has been recently identified by the Schizosaccharomyces pombe genome sequencing project. However, caspase-like proteins have not been found in yeasts, suggesting that the BIR domain containing proteins might play a fundamental role in cell regulation, in addition to their well-characterized role in inhibition of apoptosis. In this study, we have characterized Pbh1p, an S. pombe BIR domain containing protein. Construction and analysis of a null mutant in pbh1+ revealed that pbh1+ is essential for cell viability. Moreover, cells devoid of Pbh1p are defective in chromosome condensation and chromosome segregation. Thus, proper chromosome segregation requires the function of Pbh1p. Over-production of Pbh1p led to abnormalities in mitosis and cytokinesis, suggesting that the levels of Pbh1p are important for regulation of mitosis and cytokinesis.

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    ABSTRACT: Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) gene family, containing a single baculovirus IAP repeat (BIR) and no RING finger, that is expressed in many human cancers. Although it has been proposed to be involved in mitotic and cytokinetic processes, its functional subcellular distribution in the cytoplasm and nucleus, and its binding to centrosomes, spindle fibers, and centromeres in relation to these processes, is not fully resolved. We have analyzed the localization of Survivin in normal (Detroit 551, IMR-90) and tumor-derived (HeLa, Saos-2) cell lines, and found that it does colocalize with centrosomes in the cytoplasm during interphase, then moves to centromeres during mitosis, and finally localizes to the midbody spindle fibers during telophase. However, Taxol, a popular microtubule stabilizing agent that is frequently used in the study of these processes, severely disrupted the localization of Survivin. Taxol treatment of cells promoted extensive relocalization of Survivin with α-tubulin on microtubules during either interphase or mitosis. Survivin antisense oligonucleotide markedly sensitized HeLa cells to cell death induced by agents acting at the level of cell surface receptor (Fas pathway) or at the level of mitochondria (etoposide). HeLa cell death induced by Survivin antisense oligonucleotide could be partially complemented by Deterin, the Drosophila homolog of Survivin (Jones et al. [2000] J. Biol. Chem. 275:22157–22166). Reciprocally, a chimera of the Deterin BIR domain and Survivin C-terminus could rescue Drosophila Kc cells from death induced by transfection of a human caspase-7-expressing plasmid. These results indicate common components of Survivin and Deterin antiapoptotic action in the vertebrate and invertebrate phyla. J. Cell. Biochem. 83: 342–354, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 01/2001; 83(2):342 - 354. DOI:10.1002/jcb.1228 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Survivin is a key cellular protein thought to function in apoptotic regulation, mitotic progression, or possibly both. In this study, we describe the isolation of two conditional knockouts of the survivin gene in chicken DT40 cells. DT40 cells lacking Survivin die in interphase after failing to complete cytokinesis. However, these cells show normal sensitivity to the chemotherapeutic agent etoposide. Expression of Survivin mutants against a null background to reassess the role of several key residues reveals that DT40 cells can grow normally if their sole Survivin is missing a widely studied cyclin-dependent kinase phosphorylation site or sites reportedly essential for binding to Smac or aurora B. Mutations in the nuclear export sequence or dimerization interface render cells temperature sensitive for growth. As an important caveat for other studies in which protein function is studied by transient transfection, three of the Survivin mutants fail to localize in the presence of the wild-type protein but do localize and indeed support life in its absence.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 11/2008; 183(2):279-96. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200806118 · 9.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deterin, a new apoptosis inhibitor from Drosophila melanogaster, possesses an unusual structure of only a single baculovirus inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP)-type repeat and no RING finger motif. The biochemical actions of deterin are demonstrated in SF9 and S2 cell transfection assays, in which the expressed protein acts in the cytoplasm to inhibit or deter cells from apoptosis otherwise induced by the caspase-dependent apoptosis activator reaper or by cytotoxicants. A loss of function phenotype for deterin of cell death was indicated by transfections with either a dominant negative deterin mutant or with inhibitory RNA (RNAi) for deterin. The dominant negative C-terminal fragment that antagonized antiapoptotic activity of deterin did not affect antiapoptotic activity of DIAP1 or p35. Both the baculovirus IAP-type repeat (BIR) domain and the alpha-helical C-terminal domain are necessary in both SF9 and S2 cells for deterin to manifest its activity to prevent cell death. The approximately 650-base deterin transcript is present in embryos, third instar larvae, and late stage nurse cells of adult females. The deterin transcript is distributed throughout early stage embryos, whereas in later stage embryos it becomes progressively restricted to the central nervous system and gonads. Whereas the nematode survivin-type IAP has thus far been implicated only as a mitotic regulator, Drosophila deterin constitutes the first invertebrate member of the survivin-type IAP group to exhibit apoptosis-inhibitory activity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2000; 275(29):22157-65. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M000369200 · 4.60 Impact Factor


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