Growth and enumeration of the meat spoilage bacterium Brochothrix thermosphacta.

School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK.
International Journal of Food Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 11/1999; 51(2-3):145-58. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1605(99)00129-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Brochothrix thermosphacta is a common meat spoilage bacterium. The morphology of this bacterium changes from coccobacilli and short rods to chains during growth, which may give a false estimation in numbers using some enumeration techniques. Methods for the quantification of this bacterium have been compared. Turbidimetric readings showed good agreement with cell dry weight indicating that the former provides a good measure of the change in cell mass during growth. The turbidimetric method also correlated well with bacterial numbers determined by plate counts, flow cytometry and manual counts (by microscope) over a limited range of 10(7)-10(9) cells/ml. Flow cytometry and manual counts gave a linear relationship over a wider range of 10(5)-10(9) cells/ml. The sensitivity of analysis, growth rates and lag time attained using these methods were also compared. As a consequence of changes in bacterial cell size during growth, turbidimetry over-estimated the growth rate. The plate count method proved unable to detect the difference between bacteria existing as chains or single cells. The sensitivity of analysis and the calculated growth related parameters were similar for flow cytometry and manual counts. This suggests that flow cytometry is capable of counting individual cells in a chain. Further investigation showed that passage of B. thermosphacta cells through the flow cytometer resulted in the breakage of chains into single cells. The reliability, low error and rapidity of this technique make it attractive for bacterial enumeration, something which has been demonstrated using B. thermosphacta, a bacterium which exhibits complex morphologies.

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