Soluble CD30 in early rheumatoid arthritis as a predictor of good response to second-line therapy.
ABSTRACT To evaluate whether serum levels of the soluble form of CD30 (sCD30) correlate with disease activity in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and may have prognostic value in predicting the response to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
The levels of sCD30 and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in the serum of 14 untreated subjects with early RA, before and during treatment with hydroxychloroquine, for a follow-up period of 8 months. At the end of the study, patients were also evaluated for their response to DMARDs.
An inverse correlation between sCD30 and CRP serum values was demonstrated at baseline, but not during the follow-up. Patients who responded to DMARD therapy had higher sCD30 basal levels than non-responders.
The evaluation of sCD30 serum levels in early RA may reflect the attempt by CD30+ T cells to downmodulate inflammation and may be a useful marker to predict a good response to DMARDs.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate potential predictors of response to conventional DMARDs in RA. Study design - 6-month follow-up prospective study. RA patients with active disease. INTERVENTION AND FOLLOW-UP: Introduction of one DMARD. Response to treatment evaluated at 6 months (ACR20 criteria). Potential predictors of response, patients' demographics, disease activity, percentages of PBMC subsets expressing P-gp, serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-α levels, were evaluated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. ROC curve analyses were performed in order to obtain thresholds allowing the prediction of response. Forty-two patients (mean age = 57 ± 13 years, mean disease duration = 5.4 ± 7.2 years) were included. MTX was given to 30. The response to therapy was predicted by the baseline serum level of TNF-α (mean = 30.2 pg/ml ± 18 in non-responders vs. 11.9 pg/ml ± 11.2 in responders). The threshold, which predicted with the best accuracy the response to treatment, was 20.1 pg/ml (sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of 75, 78.9, 83.3, and 69.2%, respectively; AUC = 80.3%, 95% CI = 62.8-97.7%). Similar results were obtained in the subgroups of patients treated with MTX and patients with early RA of less than 3 years duration. In the present work, the serum concentration of TNF-α was related to further response to DMARDs. Other works are needed for confirmation and to assess whether such biomarker could be used to predict the response to DMARDs at the individual level.Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme 12/2010; 77(6):558-63. · 2.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of both soluble CD30 (sCD30) and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) in patients with malignant bone tumours and to determine their ability to serve as serum markers. Sera of 31 patients were taken at the time of diagnosis, analysed by ELISA, and the results were correlated with clinical features and compared with healthy controls. Soluble CD30 and sCD40L levels were significantly higher in all patient groups than in the healthy controls. Soluble CD30 levels showed statistically significant differences between high malignant osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma (P = 0.015), whereas no statistically significant correlation was seen between different types of tumours and sCD40L levels. Soluble CD30 and sCD40L seem to be of diagnostic value in osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma.Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 02/2003; 153(1-2):40-2.
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ABSTRACT: The CD30 antigen seems to play a costimulatory role in maintaining the physiological balance between T-helper (Th)1/Th2 immune responses. In this study, plasma and in vitro soluble CD30 (sCD30) secretion was investigated in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) as a plausible marker of dysregulated immune response.Twenty one patients with angiographically confirmed CAD and 31 healthy controls took part in this study. The levels of the activation marker sCD30 were determined in plasma and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated and unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures by ELISA. Plasma sCD30 levels did not differ significantly between the patients and controls. However, spontaneous sCD30 secretion was significantly lower in patients with CAD compared to controls (p < 0.001). The soluble CD30 levels were significantly increased in the supernatant of PHA-stimulated PBMCs compared to unstimulated cultures in both groups of patients and controls (p < 0.001). PHA-stimulated sCD30 secretion was found to be lower in patients compared to controls; however, the difference was not statistically significant. Plasma sCD30 levels were not statistically different in patients with chronic stable CAD, a well-known Th1-mediated disease, compared to controls; whereas decreased spontaneous and PHA-stimulated sCD30 secretion in patients with CAD might indicate the progressive shift towards a Th1 immune response.Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology 12/2011; 10(4):237-42. · 0.65 Impact Factor