Soluble CD30 in early rheumatoid arthritis as a predictor of good response to second-line therapy.
ABSTRACT To evaluate whether serum levels of the soluble form of CD30 (sCD30) correlate with disease activity in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and may have prognostic value in predicting the response to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
The levels of sCD30 and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in the serum of 14 untreated subjects with early RA, before and during treatment with hydroxychloroquine, for a follow-up period of 8 months. At the end of the study, patients were also evaluated for their response to DMARDs.
An inverse correlation between sCD30 and CRP serum values was demonstrated at baseline, but not during the follow-up. Patients who responded to DMARD therapy had higher sCD30 basal levels than non-responders.
The evaluation of sCD30 serum levels in early RA may reflect the attempt by CD30+ T cells to downmodulate inflammation and may be a useful marker to predict a good response to DMARDs.
- SourceAvailable from: Paul OrnettiRevue Du Rhumatisme - REV RHUM. 01/2010; 77(6):590-595.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: High serum levels of soluble CD30 (sCD30) have been reported to better predict the response to second line therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is believed that sCD30 is released by CD30+ T cells present in the RA synovium. However, both the mechanism of recruitment to the joint and the functional role of this T cell subset in the pathogenesis of the disease remain unknown. This study confirmed higher levels of sCD30 in the serum and synovial fluid (SF) of RA patients compared with normal controls. However, analysis of mRNA and cell surface CD30 expression showed that CD30+ T cells are detectable in the SF, but not in the synovial membrane. In contrast, T cells expressing the CD30 transcript, but not the surface molecule, were found in the peripheral blood of both RA and normal controls. CD30 surface expression was up-regulated by adhesion and migration through endothelium in vitro and in a delayed-type hypersensitivity model in vivo. Although the great majority of fresh or cloned CD30+ T cells from SF produced both IFN-γ and IL-4, CD30 expression strictly correlated with IL-4 synthesis in synovial T cell clones. In addition, CD30+ T cell clones also produced high amounts of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. On this basis, we would like to propose that synovial CD30+ cells may play a role in the control of the inflammatory response. Serum sCD30 may reflect such cell activity and, therefore, explain the previously demonstrated correlation between high sCD30 serum levels and positive response to therapy.The Journal of Immunology 04/2000; 164(8). · 5.52 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: CD30 and CD30 ligand (CD30L) are members of TNF-receptor and TNF superfamilies respectively. CD30(+)T cells are increased in several diseases and interaction between CD30(+) and CD30L(+)T cells leads either to cell proliferation or apoptosis. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), soluble CD30 (sCD30) levels seem to reflect the recruitment of CD30(+)T cells into the inflamed joints and are predictive of a positive response to classical and biological immunosuppressive therapy. We have evaluated the presence of soluble CD30L (sCD30L) in the sera and synovial fluid of patients with RA and defined whether it binds surface CD30 molecule and is functionally active. We found high levels of sCD30L in sera and synovial fluid of RA patients; the molecule is shedded upon direct contact of CD30(+)/CD30L(+)T cells. Moreover sCD30L binds surface CD30 constitutively expressed by Jurkat cell line. Finally recombinant sCD30L and sera from patients with high levels of sCD30L are able to inhibit CD30(+)T cell proliferation by inducing cell apoptosis. Our findings suggest that circulant sCD30L is functionally active and that it may favour persistence of active inflammation by inducing apoptosis of CD30(+)T cells, known to down-modulate inflammation in rheumatoid synovitis.Immunology letters 01/2014; · 2.91 Impact Factor