Zygomatic-transmandibular approach for giant tumors of the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space.
ABSTRACT The surgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space is often not properly understood by neurosurgeons, because these areas are more related to other medical disciplines. This article provides a detailed description of the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space anatomy in cadaveric specimens and offers a neurosurgical perspective on a surgical approach that allows wide exposure and complete resection of giant tumors in this location.
Ten cadaveric specimens were prepared for anatomic study. Dissections were performed to emphasize the relationship between bone, muscles, and neurovascular structures and to simultaneously expose the middle cranial fossa, the infratemporal fossa, and the parapharyngeal space. Ten patients with giant lesions in these areas (with maximum tumor diameter >8 cm) were treated via this approach.
The main obstacles to approaching the infratemporal fossa and the parapharyngeal space are the zygomatic arch, the parotid gland, the facial nerve, and the ascending ramus of the mandible. Thus, by combining a pterional-zygomatic craniotomy with transmandibular access, working up and down the parotid gland, the exposure is wider and safer. Among the 10 patients treated, tumors were totally resected in 7, subtotally resected in 2, and partially resected in 1. Morbidity was unremarkable, and, in 8 patients, clinical status improved dramatically.
The zygomatic-transmandibular approach allows resection of giant lesions in the middle cranial base, when they are invading the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space, with a low morbidity rate.
- SourceAvailable from: scielo.org.mxGaceta medica de Mexico 06/2004; 140(3):273-280. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To describe an endoscopic perspective of the surgical anatomy of the trigeminal nerve. Nine adult cadaveric heads were dissected endoscopically. Opening the pterygopalatine fossa is important because many key anatomical structures (V2, pterygopalatine ganglion, vidian nerve) can be identified and traced to other areas of the trigeminal nerve. From the pterygopalatine ganglion, the maxillary nerve and vidian nerve can be identified, and they can be traced to the gasserian ganglion and internal carotid artery. An anteromedial maxillectomy increases the angle of approach from the contralateral nares due to an increase in diameter of the piriform aperture, and provides excellent access to the mandibular nerve, the petrous carotid, and the cochlea. Identification of key anatomical structures in the pterygopalatine fossa can be used to identify other areas of the trigeminal nerve, and an anteromedial maxillectomy is necessary to expose the ipsilateral mandibular nerve and contralateral cranial level of the trigeminal nerve.Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery: official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery 09/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor