Costs associated with symptomatic systolic heart failure.
ABSTRACT To investigate whether the extent of systolic dysfunction is a useful predictor of the costs of healthcare and social support for patients with heart failure.
Cross-sectional study with collection of cost data attributed to management of heart failure in the previous year.
Four primary-care practices in Scotland.
Patients receiving long term therapy with loop diuretics for suspected heart failure.
Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography.
Two hypotheses were tested: (i) the proportion of patients incurring costs is higher in patients with abnormal left ventricular (LV) function; and (ii) the median cost per patient that incurs costs is higher in patients with abnormal LV function. Of the 226 patients in the study, 67 (30%) had abnormal systolic function. In comparison with the remaining 159 patients, they had higher healthcare costs [560 Pounds vs 440 Pounds per patient year (1994/1995 values)], were more likely to incur hospital inpatient or outpatient costs [Odds ratio (OR): 2.02; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 3.84] and had significantly higher primary-care costs (mean 292 Pounds vs 231 Pounds per patient year; p = 0.02, Mann Whitney test). In contrast, they were no more likely to incur social support costs (OR: 1.22; 95% CI: 0.52 to 2.86) and the mean cost of social support per patient year was lower (234 Pounds vs 373 Pounds).
Patients with objectively measured systolic dysfunction incurred significantly higher healthcare costs in the year before diagnosis. This suggests that treatment that improves systolic function will reduce healthcare costs, even in a primary-care population with relatively mild congestive heart failure.
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ABSTRACT: Pulmonary disease is common in patients with heart failure, through shared risk factors and pathophysiological mechanisms. Adverse pulmonary vascular remodelling and chronic systemic inflammation characterize both diseases. Concurrent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The cornerstones of therapy are beta-blockers and beta-agonists, whose pharmacological properties are diametrically opposed. Each disease is implicated in exacerbations of the other condition, greatly increasing hospitalizations and associated health care costs. Such multimorbidity is a key challenge for health-care systems oriented towards the treatment of individual diseases. Early identification and treatment of cardiopulmonary disease may alleviate this burden. However, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies require further validation in patients with both conditions.European Heart Journal 07/2013; · 14.72 Impact Factor
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Article: Economics of chronic heart failure.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
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