Design, synthesis and evaluation of human telomerase inhibitors based upon a tetracyclic structural motif.
ABSTRACT There is currently significant interest in the development of inhibitors of human telomerase for the treatment of cancer. We describe here the design and synthesis of a new class of mono-substituted small-molecule inhibitors of human telomerase based upon a tetracyclic structural motif. In contrast to the structurally related molecule 9-hydroxyellipticine, recently shown to inhibit telomerase activity in cell cultures but found to be inactive in a cell-free system, we demonstrate direct inhibition of the telomerase enzyme by the tetracyclic compounds in a modified cell-free TRAP assay. The most potent compounds exhibit activity in the low micromolar range and are thus comparable with some of the more active small-molecule telomerase inhibitors based on planar aromatic chromophores, previously described by ourselves and others. These compounds may represent useful leads for the development of more potent inhibitors of human telomerase.
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ABSTRACT: G-quadruplexes are special secondary structures adopted in some guanine-rich DNA sequences. As guanine-rich sequences are present in important regions of the eukaryotic genome, such as telomeres and the regulatory regions of many genes, such structures may play important roles in the regulation of biological events in the body. G-quadruplexes have become valid targets for new anticancer drugs in the past few decades. Many leading compounds that target these structures have been reported, and a few of them have entered preclinical or clinical trials. Nonetheless, the selectivity of this kind of antitumor compound has yet to be improved in order to suppress the side effects caused by nonselective binding. As drug design targets, the topology and structural characteristics of quadruplexes, their possible biological roles, and the modes and sites of small-ligand binding to these structures should be understood clearly. Herein we provide a summary of published research that has set out to address the above problem to provide useful information on the design of small ligands that target G-quadruplexes. This review also covers research methodologies that have been developed to study the binding of ligands to G-quadruplexes.ChemMedChem 06/2008; 3(5):690-713. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Telomerase activity has been found in most cancer cells, but not in the majority of normal differentiated tissues. Therefore, telomerase has been considered a relatively selective and widely expressed tumor marker to be used as a diagnostic tool, and in some cases, as a potential prognostic indicator. Telomerase activity can also be used to evaluate chemosensitivity of neoplastic cells obtained from cancer patients, by measuring residual telomerase activity after drug treatment. Finally, telomerase has been considered to represent a suitable target for designing new anticancer strategies. This review focuses on present and future clinical applications of telomerase studies in cancer management. Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.Drug resistance updates: reviews and commentaries in antimicrobial and anticancer chemotherapy 07/2000; 3(3):161-170. · 12.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Certain iminonaphtho[2,3-b]furan derivatives were synthesized from their respective carbonyl precursors in the regiospecific and the stereospecific manners. These compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative effects against four human carcinoma cells (MCF7, NCI-H460, SF-268, and K562) and the normal fibroblast cell line (Detroit 551). Among them, (Z)-4-(hydroxyimino)naphtho[2,3-b]furan-9(4H)-one (8) and (Z)-4-methoxy-iminonaphtho[2,3-b]furan-9(4H)-one (9) exhibited GI(50) values of 0.82 and 0.60 microM, respectively, against the growth of K562 cells and were inactive against the normal fibroblast Detroit 551. The selectivity index (SI) on K562 cell for 8 and 9 was >121.95 and >166.67, respectively, which is comparable to daunorubicin (SI=239) and is more favorable than camptothecin (SI=16.5). The cell cycle analysis on K562 indicated that these compounds arrest the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The morphological assessment and DNA fragmentation analysis indicated that 9-induced cell apoptosis in K562 cells. The apoptotic induction may through caspase-3 activity and cleavage of PARP.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 07/2010; 18(14):5172-82. · 2.82 Impact Factor