Siglec-8. A novel eosinophil-specific member of the immunoglobulin superfamily.
ABSTRACT We describe the characterization of siglec-8, a novel sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin that is expressed specifically by eosinophils. A full-length cDNA encoding siglec-8 was isolated from a human eosinophil cDNA library. Siglec-8 is predicted to contain three extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic tail of 47 amino acids. The siglec-8 gene mapped on chromosome 19q13.33-41, closely linked to genes encoding CD33 (siglec-3), siglec-5, siglec-6, and siglec-7. When siglec-8 was expressed on COS cells or as a recombinant protein fused to the Fc region of human IgG(1), it was able to mediate sialic acid-dependent binding to human erythrocytes and to soluble sialoglycoconjugates. Using specific monoclonal antibodies, siglec-8 could be detected only on eosinophils and hence appears to be the first example of an eosinophil-specific transmembrane receptor.
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ABSTRACT: Siglecs (sialic acid immunoglobulin-like lectins) are members of the immunoglobulin gene family that contain sialoside binding N-terminal domains. They are cell surface proteins found predominantly on cells of the immune system. Among them, Siglec-8 is uniquely expressed by human eosinophils and mast cells, as well as basophils. Engaging this structure with antibodies or glycan ligands results in apoptosis in human eosinophils and inhibition of release of preformed and newly generated mediators from human mast cells without affecting their survival. Pro-apoptotic effects are also seen when its closest functional paralog, Siglec-F, on mouse eosinophils is similarly engaged in vitro, and beneficial effects are observed after administration of Siglec-F antibody using models of eosinophilic pulmonary and gastrointestinal inflammation in vivo. Siglec-8 targeting may thus provide a means to specifically inhibit or deplete these cell types. Cell-directed therapies are increasingly sought after by the pharmaceutical industry for their potential to reduce side effects and increase safety. The challenge is to identify suitable targets on the cell type of interest, and selectively deliver a therapeutic agent. By targeting Siglec-8, monoclonal antibodies and glycan ligand-conjugated nanoparticles may be ideally suited for treatment of eosinophil and mast cell-related diseases, such as asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis, chronic urticaria, hypereosinophilic syndromes, mast cell and eosinophil malignancies and eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders.Pharmacology [?] Therapeutics 06/2012; 135(3):327-36. · 7.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Siglec-F and Siglec-8 are functional paralog proapoptotic cell surface receptors expressed on mouse and human eosinophils, respectively. Whereas Siglec-8 mediated death involves caspases and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial injury, very little is known about Siglec-F-mediated signaling and apoptosis. Therefore the objective of the current experiments was to better define apoptosis pathways mediated by Siglec-F and Siglec-8. Given that Siglec-F-induced apoptosis is much less robust than Siglec-8-induced apoptosis, we hypothesized that mechanisms involved in cell death via these receptors would differ. Consequences of engagement of Siglec-F on mouse eosinophils were studied by measuring ROS production, and by performing apoptosis assays using eosinophils from normal, hypereosinophilic, NADPH oxidase-deficient, src homology domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-1-deficient, and Lyn kinase-deficient mice. Inhibitors of caspase and Src family kinase activity were also used. Engagement of Siglec-F induced mouse eosinophil apoptosis that was modest in magnitude and dependent on caspase activity. There was no detectable ROS generation, or any role for ROS, NADPH oxidase, SHP-1, or Src family kinases in this apoptotic process. These data suggest that Siglec-F-mediated apoptosis is different in both magnitude and mechanisms when compared to published data on Siglec-8-mediated human eosinophil apoptosis. One likely implication of this work is that models targeting Siglec-F in vivo in mice may not provide identical mechanistic predictions for consequences of Siglec-8 targeting in vivo in humans.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(6):e68143. · 3.73 Impact Factor
Article: Isolation of human eosinophils.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Highly purified eosinophils can be isolated from peripheral blood by negative selection using an antibody-based magnetic negative selection protocol. The basic protocol describes a sequential fractionation of peripheral blood in which CD16+ granulocytes are enriched first from whole blood, followed by isolation of eosinophils. This technique is easy to use, fast, and highly reproducible. Support protocols describe a staining methods that can be used to evaluate the purity of eosinophils and differentiation from other leukocyte populations.Current protocols in immunology / edited by John E. Coligan ... [et al.] 08/2012; Chapter 7:Unit 7.31.