Siglec-8. A novel eosinophil-specific member of the immunoglobulin superfamily.
ABSTRACT We describe the characterization of siglec-8, a novel sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin that is expressed specifically by eosinophils. A full-length cDNA encoding siglec-8 was isolated from a human eosinophil cDNA library. Siglec-8 is predicted to contain three extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic tail of 47 amino acids. The siglec-8 gene mapped on chromosome 19q13.33-41, closely linked to genes encoding CD33 (siglec-3), siglec-5, siglec-6, and siglec-7. When siglec-8 was expressed on COS cells or as a recombinant protein fused to the Fc region of human IgG(1), it was able to mediate sialic acid-dependent binding to human erythrocytes and to soluble sialoglycoconjugates. Using specific monoclonal antibodies, siglec-8 could be detected only on eosinophils and hence appears to be the first example of an eosinophil-specific transmembrane receptor.
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ABSTRACT: Due to their role as main effector cells in immune reactions against invading parasites, eosinophils have a plethora of molecules available to destroy these complex pathogens. Their role in allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma, where they do not have to conquer pathogens, is discussed controversially. However, since eosinophils were identified by Paul Ehrlich in tissue and sputum of patients with asthma, it was regarded that their important defensive role turns into its direct opposite so that these cells cause destruction of the airway tissue, ultimately leading to the formation of disease phenotype. Thus, eosinophils were identified as a prime target in therapeutic intervention of bronchial asthma. Over the last years, a number of mediators and receptors involved in the regulation of eosinophil recruitment, chemotaxis, activation, survival, and apoptosis have been identified. Some of these molecules have been addressed in vitro and in animal models of experimental asthma to evaluate their therapeutic potential in asthma. A few of these candidates have been tested in clinical studies, which produced surprising results questioning the role of eosinophils in asthma pathogenesis. This article summarizes these approaches and gives a critical overview about further candidate molecules that have been recently discussed as targets for an eosinophil-specific asthma therapy.American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 04/2011; 45(4):667-74. · 4.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this review is to discuss the role of mast cells in allergic inflammation. We have focused on inflammation associated with allergic asthma and food allergy. Mast cells are 'first line of defense' innate/adaptive immune cells and are widely distributed in tissues in surfaces exposed to the environment. Especially in allergic settings mast cells are extensively studied, as they can be activated to release a wide range of mediators by allergen-IgE specific triggers. In addition, in allergic inflammation mast cells can also be activated non-allergic triggers. Recent studies revealed that mast cells, besides the classical role of pro-inflammatory effector cell, have also emerged as modulators of allergic sensitization and down-regulators of allergic inflammation. Therefore, mast cells can be regarded as 'Ying Yan' modulators in allergic responses in intestinal tract and airways. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mast Cells in Inflammation.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 07/2011; 1822(1):93-9. · 4.66 Impact Factor
Chapter: Isolation of Human Eosinophils[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Highly purified eosinophils can be isolated from peripheral blood by negative selection using anti-CD16 immunomagnetic beads. The basic protocol describes a sequential fractionation of peripheral blood in which eosinophils are separated first from mononuclear cells and then from CD16(+) neutrophils. This technique is easy to use, fast, and highly reproducible. A support protocol describes a staining method that can be used to evaluate the purity of eosinphils.04/2001: pages 7.31.1 - 7.31.7; , ISBN: 9780471142737