Prospective Evaluation of the Risk Conferred by Factor V Leiden and Thermolabile Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Polymorphisms in Pregnancy

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.53). 02/2000; 20(1):266-70. DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.20.1.266
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Factor V (FV) Leiden and thermolabile methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) are 2 common polymorphisms that have been implicated in vascular thrombosis. We determined whether these mutations predicted an adverse outcome in pregnancy. Second, we looked for an interaction between these 2 mutations in patients with recurrent fetal loss or thrombosis in pregnancy. Primigravid subjects at their booking visit to the National Maternity Hospital (Holles Street, Dublin, Ireland) were screened for the polymorphisms. Thermolabile MTHFR and FV Leiden genotypes were detected by either restriction fragment length polymorphism or heteroduplex capillary chromatography. The carrier frequency of FV Leiden in the screened primigravid population was 2.7% (allele frequency 1.36%), all being heterozygous for the mutation. This value was lower than expected from previous studies in European populations. Forty-nine percent of the screened population (289 of 584) were heterozygous for thermolabile MTHFR, and 10.6% were homozygous (62 of 584). The frequency of the 2 polymorphisms was no higher in those who subsequently developed preeclampsia (n=12) or intrauterine growth retardation (n=9), and none of the screened population developed thrombosis. However, the frequency of FV Leiden was higher in patients who subsequently miscarried after the first trimester of pregnancy (allele frequency of 5.5%, P=0.0356). Among those positive for FV Leiden, 3 of 27 miscarried, compared with 24 of 572 of FV Leiden-negative patients (11% versus 4.2%). No interaction was found between the 2 mutations in the control or patient populations. In patients with a prior history of venous thrombosis, the carrier rate of FV Leiden was increased (4 of 33, allele frequency of 7.6%, P=0. 0115). In contrast, the carrier frequency for thermolabile MTHFR was no higher, and there was no interaction between the 2 mutations. Neither mutation occurred at a significantly higher frequency in patients with a prior history of recurrent fetal loss. In conclusion, FV Leiden is a risk factor for thrombosis in pregnancy and possibly for second-trimester miscarriage independent of thermolabile MTHFR. However, prospective analysis suggests that the risk conferred by FV Leiden is low in a primigravid population. The thermolabile MTHFR genotype was not implicated in any adverse outcome.

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Available from: Ronan Murphy, Jun 29, 2015