Manic episode due to gabapentin treatment

The British Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 7.99). 10/1999; 175(3):291. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.175.3.291a
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Of the 9 new anticonvulsants that have been marketed recently in the UK or US, a number appear to have either adverse or beneficial effects on behaviour. There is now a considerable database of information, in terms of the number of patients treated and/or the number of published reports, on vigabatrin, lamotrigine, gabapentin and topiramate. Oxcarbazepine has been available in some centres for several years and there is extensive experience with the drug in Scandinavia. It appears that the profile of adverse and beneficial effects is similar to that of carbamazepine. Behavioural effects have probably been greatest with vigabatrin, with psychosis, depression and other behavioural problems recorded, but the use of this drug has been limited because of the concern about visual field constriction. The cognitive and behavioural effects of topiramate have caused concern, but these may be much less of a problem if lower starting dosages and escalation rates are used. Psychosis and depression have been associated with topiramate, as they have with another carbonic anhydrase inhibiting drug, zonisamide. Although zonisamide has been used for many years in Japan and Korea, experience elsewhere with this drug is currently very limited. Gabapentin seems to be less associated with adverse behavioural effects than some of the other new anticonvulsant drugs. The reports of behavioural disturbance with gabapentin in children may be related to dose escalation. Behavioural disturbance as a direct result of lamotrigine seems to be uncommon, although indirect effects on behaviour, through the so-called 'release phenomenon' from improved seizure control and consequent ability to misbehave, can occur. Positive behavioural effects have been described with several of the new anticonvulsants, particularly gabapentin, lamotrigine and oxcarbazepine; all of these drugs may have mood-levelling effects that could be of value in treating affective disorders. The information on tiagabine and levetiracetam is too limited to allow any firm conclusions to be drawn with regard to positive or negative behavioural effects. When interpreting reports of behavioural changes with anticonvulsants, it is important to avoid attributing the effect to the drug when one or more of the other multiple causes of behavioural disturbance in people with epilepsy may be responsible or when an indirect effect such as 'forced normalisation' may be the cause. Many of the published studies are retrospective and unblinded rather than double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective trials, implying that much of the data must be interpreted with caution at this stage.
    Drug Safety 02/2001; 24(7):513-36. DOI:10.2165/00002018-200124070-00004 · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDS) are used regularly in the treatment of patients with bipolar disorders. Carbamazepine and valproic acid (sodium valproate) are effective as antimanic treatments, and the success of these medications has prompted investigation of other AEDs as possible treatments in patients with mood disorders. Lamotrigine appears to be the most promising of the newer AEDs with respect to effects in mood disorders. Current evidence suggests efficacy of this drug both as monotherapy and as an adjunctive agent in bipolar depression, and studies are underway to clarify its efficacy in mood stabilisation and rapid cycling, as currently available data are equivocal. Use of gabapentin is not as well supported in the literature, although data from open trials using it as an adjunctive agent suggest that it may be helpful in patients with bipolar depression. There have been some open trials and case reports supporting the use of topiramate as an adjunctive agent for the treatment of mania; however, data from controlled trials are not yet available. Further controlled trials of lamotrigine, gabapentin or topiramate as monotherapy and adjunctive treatment are needed to clarify their potential roles in the treatment of patients with mood disorders.
    CNS Drugs 02/2002; 16(8):549-62. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gabapentin (GBP) may be useful in bipolar disorders, including as adjunctive therapy for bipolar depression, although controlled studies suggest inefficacy as primary treatment for mania or treatment-resistant rapid cycling. We performed a 12-week trial of open GBP (mean dose 1725 mg/day) added to stable doses of mood stabilizers or atypical antipsychotics in 22 (10 women, mean age 38.4 years) depressed (28-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) > 18] bipolar (10 bipolar I, 12 bipolar II) disorder outpatients. Mean illness duration was 18.6 years, current depressive episode duration was 18.0 weeks. Prospective 28-item HDRS, Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) ratings were obtained. Overall, HDRS ratings decreased 53% from 32.5 +/- 7.7 at baseline to 16.5 +/- 12.8 at week 12 (p < 0.0001). Twelve of 22 (55%) patients had moderate to marked improvement (HDRS decrease = 50%) with HDRS decreasing 78% from 27.9 +/- 6.2 to 6.2 +/- 4.5 (p < 0.0001). Eight of 22 (36%) patients remitted (HDRS > or = 8). In non-responders, HDRS decreased from 38.0 +/- 5.4 to 28.9 +/- 6.7 (p = 0.005). Ten of 13 (77%) mild to moderately depressed (baseline HDRS > 18 and <35) patients responded, while only two of nine patients (22%) with severe depression (HDRS > or = 35) responded (p < 0.03). Both groups, however, had similar, statistically significant HDRS decreases. GBP was well tolerated. Open adjunctive GBP was effective and well tolerated in patients with mild to moderate bipolar depression. This open pilot study must be viewed with caution, and randomized controlled studies are warranted.
    Bipolar Disorders 10/2002; 4(5):296-301. DOI:10.1034/j.1399-5618.2002.01211.x · 4.97 Impact Factor
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