Zinc deficiency exacerbates loss in blood-brain barrier integrity induced by hyperoxia measured by dynamic MRI.

Department of Human Biology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Proceedings of The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 03/2000; 223(2):175-82.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Using dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (dMRI), blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability (k(PSrho)) and tissue interstitial leakage space (v(e)) were evaluated in zinc-deficient (ZnDF) male weanling Wistar rats following 3 days exposure to hyperoxia (85% O2). Temporal monitoring of T1-weighted MR image changes, following a bolus intravenous injection of gadolinium-DTPA, allowed estimation of BBB integrity. Three-day exposure of hyperoxia caused a marginal loss of BBB integrity, reflected in a slight increase in kPSrho and v(e), observed in both the animals fed adequate zinc (ZnAL) and pair-fed controls (ZnPF). However, zinc deficiency resulted in a significant increase in both kPSrho and v(e), indicating a severely disturbed BBB. In addition MR-visible free water was elevated in ZnDF brains following hyperoxia treatment indicating that a loss of BBB integrity may be associated with neuronal edema. The diminished BBB integrity may be free-radical mediated as the ratio of oxidized to reduced glutathione (GSSG:GSH) was significantly elevated.

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