Primary neuroendocrine small cell carcinoma of the breast.
ABSTRACT A 60-year-old Turkish woman presented with a left breast mass, which was considered for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. By the end of the treatment cycles, the tumor had decreased in size, and the patient underwent modified radical mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection. Pathologic examination of the tumor revealed a small cell carcinoma with neuroendocrine features confirmed by immunohistochemical stains. Multiple axillary lymph nodes were involved by metastatic small cell carcinoma carrying the same morphologic characteristics noted in the primary breast tumor. We hereby present this case as a primary neuroendocrine small cell carcinoma of the breast. This entity occurs very rarely in the breast, and fewer than a dozen cases have been reported in the literature. Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma of the breast is reportedly a very aggressive tumor for which no consensus for treatment has yet been drawn.
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the breast in a 59-year-old female. To the best of our knowledge, there are only 44 cases of this disease reported in the English literature. The patient also had regional nodal metastases, but no distant metastases. She underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to a regimen of pulmonary SCC, and combination of cisplatin and etoposide (CDDP+VP16). The tumor partially responded to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The treatment was followed by modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, i.e., EC therapy (epirubicin and cyclophosphamide). She was also administered in total 50 Gy of radiation treatment to the chest wall. At this writing, the patient has evidenced no recurrence 36 months after her diagnosis.Nagoya journal of medical science 02/2014; 76(1-2):173-80. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this case study and review, we present a case of a primary small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNC) of the male breast. Primary SCNC of the breast is a rare tumor with less than 30 cases reported in the literature. Most cases are found in women. Another exceptional point is that human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her-2) immunoreactivity was positive in our recent case, which differed to previous reports detailing SCNC in women. We have no evidence to demonstrate the differences between treatment and prognoses for males and females, because we do not have sufficient cases to undertake an evidence-based investigation. We provide this rare case history; review the literature on SCNC of the breast; and discuss detailed information regarding epidemiology, histogenesis, clinical and histologic diagnosis criteria, surgical and adjuvant treatment, and prognosis.OncoTargets and Therapy 05/2014; 7:663-6. DOI:10.2147/OTT.S60782 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) of the breast are rare. Diagnosis depends on close scrutiny of core- or excisional-biopsy specimens for characteristic growth patterns (papillary, nesting or mixed), which should trigger immunohistochemical staining for neuroendocrine markers (in particular chromogranin and synaptophysin). The diagnosis is confirmed if a) >50% of the tissue specimen demonstrate neuroendocrine markers and b) in-situ ductal carcinoma is identified and/or imaging modalities exclude extra-mammary sites. Our literature search including the non-English literature identified 66 articles with data on 123 cases, including our own. Oestrogen receptors are not diagnostic for NET's of the breast as they are found in tumours of non-mammary origin, too. Half of reported cases of neuroendocrine tumours have axillary lymph node involvement. Breast-conserving surgery (wide local excision ± axillary clearance) is commonly performed for suitable tumours. Chemotherapy regimens utilised are commonly either platinum- (as for small-cell cancers) or anthracycline-based (as for primary breast cancers). Best management remains unknown.Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 12/2013; 23(2). DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2013.11.005 · 2.58 Impact Factor