EEG delta power during sleep in young and old rats.
ABSTRACT Delta EEG power density, which has been viewed as a measure of intensity of NREM sleep, declines across the lifetime in humans, cats, and hamsters, but data in rats have been unclear. It is also uncertain whether older rats differ from younger animals in the degree of change in delta power during recovery sleep following short-term sleep deprivation. We have examined delta power density in NREM sleep under baseline conditions and following 48 h of sleep deprivation in young (3 months), middle-aged (12 months), and older (24 months) rats. The presence or absence of age effects was highly dependent on the method of normalizing the data. When expressed as a fraction of total NREM EEG power, there was no age effect on baseline delta power density, or on the change from baseline to recovery conditions. When expressed as a multiple of delta power in REM under the same condition, the younger rats had higher delta power density than the middle-aged and older rats. For all the ages combined, there was an increase in delta power density in the recovery condition. When examined by age, the younger rats (which started from a higher level of delta power density than the other groups) did not have an increase in delta during recovery; the middle-aged rats tended to, and the older rats (which started from lower baseline levels) significantly increased delta power density in the recovery condition. This suggests that the lower delta power seen during baseline in older rats is not due to decreased ability to generate delta activity.
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ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that older (24 mo.) Fischer rats manifest a diminished post-sleep deprivation increase in NREM and REM sleep. In order to examine whether this decline reflects an age-related change in pineal function, we are now reporting on baseline and recovery sleep parameters in pinealectomized 3-, 12-, and 24-month old rats following 24 hours of sleep deprivation using the disk-over-water method. Three independent age groups; within each group there were sequential measures of sleep under baseline conditions and during recovery from sleep deprivation. The Sleep Research Laboratory at the University of Chicago 56 male Fisher (F344) rats 24 hours of total sleep deprivation using the disk-over-water method Sleep staging of EEG and EMG, and power spectral analysis of the EEG RESULTS: Pinealectomized (pinex) rats did not differ from sham-operated (sham) rats in total sleep, REM sleep, super-modal high-amplitude NREM sleep (HS2), a measure of NREM EEG delta power, or circadian rhythm amplitude. In the pinex rats, there was a modest (2.5%) age-independent increase in NREM sleep (p<0.02). The pinex rats of all ages failed to manifest the increase in NREM sleep during recovery seen in the sham-operated animals (p<0.04). We found no evidence that altered pineal function is responsible for age-related changes in baseline sleep in the rat. These data also suggest that, independent of age, normal pineal function may be relevant to the ability to generate increased NREM sleep in response to prior sleep deprivation.Sleep 06/2001; 24(4):369-73. · 5.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine sex effects on sleep stages and electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral power in older adults. Sleep was polygraphically recorded for 2 consecutive nights, and blood was sampled during the last 24 hours. The University of Chicago Clinical Research Center. Two groups of healthy nonobese older subjects: 10 men (59 +/- 2 years), and 10 postmenopausal women (63 +/- 2 years). N/A. A spectral analysis of the EEG was performed in the delta and alpha bands. There were no sex differences in sleep stages. Blood sampling resulted in reductions of total sleep time, sleep maintenance, slow-wave sleep, and absolute delta activity that were all larger in women than in men. In absolute values, delta and alpha activities in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep were higher in women than in men, but, for delta activity, the sex differences were larger in REM than in NREM sleep. In women, but not in men, absolute delta activity in REM was decreased during blood sampling and was strongly correlated with absolute delta activity in NREM. Delta activity in REM did not dissipate across the night in either group. When normalized for the activity in REM sleep, the sex difference in delta activity in NREM sleep was reversed, with lower activity in women. Sex differences in sleep EEG variables are present in older adults. When normalized, delta activity in older women is lower than in older men, which may be more consistent with sex differences in subjective complaints, in fragility of sleep in the presence of environmental disturbances, and in the relationship to growth-hormone release.Sleep 01/2006; 28(12):1525-34. · 5.05 Impact Factor