Article

TAK1 mediates an activation signal from toll-like receptor(s) to nuclear factor-kappaB in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages.

Department of Molecular Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.58). 03/2000; 467(2-3):160-4. DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(00)01146-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Stimulation of monocytes/macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which plays crucial roles in regulating expression of many genes involved in the subsequent inflammatory responses. Here, we investigated roles of transforming growth factor-beta activated kinase 1 (TGF-TAK1), a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK), in the LPS-induced signaling cascade. A kinase-negative mutant of TAK1 inhibited the LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation both in a macrophage-like cell line, RAW 264.7, and in human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing toll-like receptor 2 or 4. Furthermore, we demonstrated that endogenous TAK1 is phosphorylated upon simulation of RAW 264.7 cells with LPS. These results indicate that TAK1 functions as a critical mediator in the LPS-induced signaling pathway.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
95 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We identified a chalcone, 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3'-methylchalcone (stercurensin), as an active compound isolated from the leaves of Syzygium samarangense. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects and underlying mechanisms of stercurensin were examined using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and mice. To determine the effects of stercurensin in vitro, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression were analyzed by RT-PCR and immunoblotting. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and its upstream signaling cascades were also investigated using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, and immunoprecipitation. To verify the effects of stercurensin in vivo, the mRNA expression levels of iNOS and COX-2 were evaluated in isolated mouse peritoneal macrophages by quantitative real-time PCR, and the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1β were assessed in serum samples from mice using a Luminex system. Pretreatment with stercurensin reduced LPS-induced iNOS and COX-2 expression, thereby inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) production, respectively. In addition, an inhibitory effect of stercurensin on NF-κB activation was shown by the recovery of LPS-induced inhibitor of κB (I-κB) degradation after blocking the transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1)/I-κB kinase signaling pathway. In mouse models, stercurensin negatively regulated NF-κB-dependent pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines. These results demonstrate that stercurensin modulates NF-κB-dependent inflammatory pathways through the attenuation of TAK1-TAB1 complex formation. Our findings demonstrating the anti-inflammatory effects of stercurensin in vitro and in vivo will aid in understanding the pharmacology and mode of action of stercurensin.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 02/2011; 112(2):548-58. · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Silica has been known to be a factor in acute cell injury and chronic pulmonary fibrosis. In Rat2 fibroblasts, silica induced the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), which plays a crucial role in regulating the expression of many genes involved in the subsequent inflammatory response. In addition, we observed that transforming growth factor-beta activated kinase 1 (TAK1) and NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) were involved in silica-mediated NF-kappaB activation in Rat2 cells. The dominant negative mutant forms of TAK1 and NIK inhibited the silica-induced NF-kappaB activation in Rat2 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that endogenous TAK1 is phosphorylated in silica-stimulated Rat2 cells. These results indicate that TAK1 functions as a critical mediator in the silica-induced signaling pathway.
    Toxicology Letters 09/2003; 143(3):323-30. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Ser/Thr-specific IkappaB kinase (IKK), which comprises IKKalpha or IKKbeta and the regulatory protein NEMO, is at the bottleneck for NF-kappaB activation. IKK activity relies on interaction between NEMO and IKKalpha or IKKbeta. A conserved region in the C-terminal tail of IKKbeta or IKKalpha (NEMO-binding domain, NBD, residues 734-745 of IKKbeta) is important for interaction with NEMO. Here we show that the NBD peptide of IKKbeta is not sufficient for interaction with NEMO. Instead, a longer region of the IKKbeta C-terminal region provides high affinity for NEMO. Quantitative measurements using surface plasmon resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry confirm the differential affinities of these interactions and provide insight into the kinetic and thermodynamic behaviors of the interactions. Biochemical characterization using multiangle light scattering (MALS) coupled with refractive index shows that the longer IKKbeta C-terminal region forms a 2:2 stoichiometirc complex with NEMO.
    Biochemistry 04/2008; 47(10):3109-16. · 3.38 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from