Lack of CD 29 (beta 1 integrin) and CD 54 (ICAM-1) adhesion molecules in intravascular lymphomatosis

University of Milan, Milano, Lombardy, Italy
Human Pathlogy (Impact Factor: 2.81). 03/2000; 31(2):220-6. DOI: 10.1016/S0046-8177(00)80223-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intravascular Lymphomatosis (IL) is a rare and usually aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by the growth of neoplastic cells within vascular lumina that usually presents with skin or central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The mechanism(s) for the selective intravascular growth of this neoplasm remain(s) unexplained. We now report clinical and immunohistologic data on surgical material from 6 cases of IL; in 4 of 6 cases, autopsies were performed. Our IL cases shared the following features: (1) B-cell lineage; (2) lack of skin involvement at presentation; (3) aggressive behavior; and (4) lack of extravascular lymphomatous masses; in addition, 1 case had an associated gastric low-grade MALT lymphoma. We studied by immunohistochemistry formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections with monoclonal antibodies to molecules known to be involved in lymphocyte and endothelial adhesion phenomena, that is, CD29 (beta1 integrin subunit), CD43 (leukosialin), CD44 (H-CAM), CD54 (ICAM-1), embryonal N-CAM (e-NCAM), and EMA (episialin). In all cases, the surfaces of IL aggregates reacted for CD44 but were consistently negative for CD29; also absent was CD54. Conversely, the integrity of the endothelial cells was underscored by their even reactivity for CD29, CD44, and CD54. Given that CD29 is currently regarded as critical for lymphocyte trafficking in general and for transvascular migration in particular, and CD54 is also involved in transvascular lymphocyte migration, we conclude that their consistent absence in IL may contribute to its intravascular and disseminated distribution pattern. The rather frequent association of IL with various conventional lymphomas is known; yet, one of our cases appears to be the first report of IL associated with a low-grade MALT lymphoma.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Intravascular large B cell lymphoma is a neoplastic cell proliferation leading to the occlusion of the lumen of small vessels. This is a rare haematological malignancy, which is difficult to diagnose because of a heterogeneous clinical presentation. CASE REPORT: We report a 62-year-old man who presented a macrophage activation syndrome as the presenting manifestation of an intravascular lymphoma. This association is frequently marked by a greater severity and clinical care requires an early and appropriate treatment. CONCLUSION: Due to the polymorphism and the systemic presentation of intravascular large B cell lymphoma, the internist may be confronted with this disease, which is considered to be more severe if associated with a macrophage activation syndrome. Awareness of the intravascular large B cell lymphoma is important because the prognosis depends on the rapidity of the initiation of chemotherapy associated with rituximab.
    La Revue de Médecine Interne 05/2013; 34(10). DOI:10.1016/j.revmed.2012.10.001 · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intravascular lymphoma is an aggressive and extremely rare extranodal lymphoma with neoplastic lymphoid cells confined exclusively within intravascular spaces. The histopathologic findings are subtle due to the rarity of the neoplastic cells in blood vessels. Clinical presentations are non-specific and focal space-occupying lesions or lymphoadenopathy are always lacking. It is a diagnostic challenge. Secondary hemophagocytic syndrome is uncommon and is typically associated with infection, malignancy, and suppressed immune states. Intravascular lymphoma has a strong association with hemophagocytic syndrome in Asian patients, the so-called "Asian variant", but not in Western patients. We report a case of intravascular B-cell lymphoma in a Caucasian patient associated with secondary hemophagocytic syndrome. The patient was diagnosed by core liver biopsy and successfully treated. This case demonstrates the importance of high index of suspicion and astute histopathologic examination in recognition of this unusual clinical and pathologic combination.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2012; 5(5):448-54. · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The interaction between the endothelium and malignant hematolymphoid cells within vessels of the eye can result in focal or diffuse intravascular pathology. As a result, correlation of these findings with specific clinical and ophthalmologic features can vary. We review the ophthalmic findings in two cases of hematolymphoid malignancies limited to the intravascular space and review published literature on this topic. In cases of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, underexpression of β1-integrin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 by the cells of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma results in diffuse ocular vascular involvement. The widespread degree of intravascular involvement correlates with clinical ophthalmologic findings and may lead to retinal and choroidal detachment that is observed postmortem. Conversely, in the context of acute leukemia, induced overexpression of certain adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) in the endothelium of certain vascular beds may result in leukostasis with only selective (choroidal) ocular vessel involvement. As a result of only focal vascular activation and adhesion in the orbit, the gross findings in these cases are minimal and may not correlate with clinical ophthalmologic findings.
    Annals of diagnostic pathology 07/2010; 15(4):286-90. DOI:10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2010.04.006 · 1.11 Impact Factor