Predictors of first repeat biopsy cancer detection with suspected local stage prostate cancer.
ABSTRACT We determine demographic and tumor related predictors of repeat biopsy cancer detection in men with suspected stage T1c-2 prostate cancer.
The study population included 298 consecutive men with suspected stage T1c-2 prostate cancer who had a benign prostate biopsy at 1 institution between January 1, 1992 and April 1, 1999 and underwent 1 repeat biopsy. Mean age plus or minus standard deviation was 66.8+/-6.7 years for 133 black (55%) and 165 white (45%) patients. Clinical measures included determination of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in benign biopsy specimens, Gleason score of malignant biopsy specimens, prostate specific antigen (PSA), PSA density, annualized interbiopsy PSA change, percent free PSA (201 cases) and PSA velocity (171).
Cancer was detected on repeat biopsy in 80 cases (27%). Significant differences between patients with benign and malignant repeat biopsies included age (p = 0.001), PSA density (p = 0.0001), percent free PSA (p = 0.0001) and PSA velocity (p = 0.009). High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in an initial benign biopsy was not predictive of cancer in repeat biopsy (p = 0.12). Multiple logistic regression analysis of all cases showed that age (p = 0.002) and PSA density (p = 0.0002) were independent predictors of cancer. Subset multiple logistic regression analysis modeled with age, PSA density and percent free PSA demonstrated that age (p = 0.002) and percent free PSA (p = 0.0001) were significant independent predictors of malignancy. Subset multiple logistic regression analysis modeled with age, PSA density, percent free PSA and PSA velocity revealed that age (p = 0.02) and percent free PSA (p = 0.0003) were significant independent predictors of cancer. There were no significant differences between the Gleason scores of cancers detected on repeat biopsy compared to 587 stage T1c-2 cancers detected on initial biopsy during the study period (p = 0.09). PSA, PSA density, percent free PSA and PSA velocity were not significantly different among men without a cancer diagnosis who had high grade neoplasia in 1 or 2 benign biopsies.
Greater than 25% of this population of select patients with suspected stage T1c-2 prostate cancer had malignancy detected on repeat biopsy. Percent free PSA was the most powerful predictor of cancer. High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was not a predictor of repeat biopsy cancer detection and PSA functions were similar among men without cancer who did and did not have high grade neoplasia in 1 or more benign biopsies. This finding suggests that high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia may not be a reliable indicator of clinically significant existing prostate cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Prostate specific antigen kinetics (PSAK) including prostate specific antigen velocity (PSAV) and PSA doubling time (PSADT) are used as predictors of prostate cancer (PCa) therapeutic outcome, disease prognosis, and cancer-specific mortality. However controversy persists regarding use of these parameters in cancer detection. Our aim is to evaluate PSAV as a predictor of PCa and intermediate/high grade PCa (HGPCa). We included 682 patients that underwent repeat transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy after initial negative biopsy. Univariate and multivariate analyses as well as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC-AUC) were performed to assess predictive accuracy regarding detection of PCa and intermediate/HGPCa (Gleason score ≥ 7). PCa was detected in 179/682 (26.24%) patients. Our univariate analysis suggested that age, total prostate volume (TPV), atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) and PSA indices in the form of PSA at the time of repeat biopsy (PSA2), PSAV, PSA density (PSAD2) and percent free PSA at time of repeat biopsy (%FPSA2) were all predictors of overall PCa and intermediate/HGPCa. Meanwhile, our multivariate model showed that factors associated with overall PCa and intermediate/HGPCa were age, PSAV and TPV. In men pursuing a second biopsy after an initial negative biopsy, PSAV was an independent predictor of overall PCa, intermediate and high grade cancer. Prostate 9999: 1-7, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.The Prostate 08/2013; 73(16). · 3.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: For men with elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA), appropriate management after negative prostate biopsy remains controversial. After determining PSA kinetics, subsequent follow-up was considered. Patients and Methods: A total of 115 cases with negative repeat biopsy were followed by evaluating PSA kinetics and ratio of percent free PSA (F/T) and by performing second repeat biopsy. Results: Eighteen cancer cases were diagnosed. Shorter PSA doubling times and faster velocities were found in cancer cases compared with cases without cancer. We observed a clear decrease in F/T among cancer cases. Conclusions: To avoid unnecessary repeat biopsies, cases with a suspicion of cancer after negative biopsy can be divided into two groups: one that requires additional biopsies and one with an average change in PSA of <1 ng/ml/year and no change in F/T, which is recommended for surveillance as stable disease without biopsy over a specified time period. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Urologia Internationalis 03/2014; · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: IntroductionProstatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) in the setting of prostatic needle biopsies are considered premalignant although questions still remainObjectives In this paper, we have studied the clinical relevance of these histologic findingsMatherial and methodsWe collected 138 subjects (108 PIN, 30 ASAP); in 67% we performed a second biopsy and the rate of cancer in this late biopsy were 19% and 27% respectively. We cannot identify any clinical factor to predict the finding of cancer in the re-biopsy (PSA, age, digital rectal examination, prostatic volume)ResultsIn the follow-up, we observed higher rates of cancer for the ASAP; the finding of ASAP was the single clinical or histopathological factor that was an independent predictor of cancerConclusions We observed that the finding of ASAP was an indication for re-biopsy because of the higher rates of cancer; on the contrary, the paper of PIN in the prostatic needle biopsy still requires further investigationActas urologicas españolas 01/2008; 32(7). · 1.15 Impact Factor