naked cuticle encodes an inducible antagonist of Wnt signalling.
ABSTRACT During animal development, cells have to respond appropriately to localized secreted signals. Proper responses to Hedgehog, transforming growth factor-beta, epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor/Ras signals require cognate inducible antagonists such as Patched, Dad, Argos and Sprouty. Wnt signals are crucial in development and neoplasia. Here we show that naked cuticle (nkd), a Drosophila segment-polarity gene, encodes an inducible antagonist for the Wnt signal Wingless (Wg). In fly embryos and imaginal discs nkd transcription is induced by Wg. In embryos, decreased nkd function has an effect similar to excess Wg; at later stages such a decrease appears to have no effect. Conversely, overproduction of Nkd in Drosophila and misexpression of Nkd in the vertebrate Xenopus laevis result in phenotypes resembling those of loss of Wg/Wnt function. nkd encodes a protein with a single EF hand (a calcium-binding motif) that is most similar to the recoverin family of myristoyl switch proteins. Nkd may therefore link ion fluxes to the regulation of the potency, duration or distribution of Wnt signals. Signal-inducible feedback antagonists such as nkd may limit the effects of Wnt proteins in development and disease.
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ABSTRACT: Frequent amplification and abundant expression of Nkd2 has been identified in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), dominant for genomic instability, who is involved in both Wnt pathway and EGFR signaling pathway. As a negative regulator of Wnt pathway, Nkd2 suppresses Wnt signaling by binding to Dvl1 and causing its ubiquitination followed by 26S proteasome degradation. On the other hand, it interacts with TGF-α for its transportation to basolateral plasma membrane in polarized epithelial cells. It is of interest to determine if Nkd2 over-expression contributes to tumorigenesis and genomic instablity. In this paper, we found that cells expressing NKD2 delayed mitotic exit stage after double thymidine block synchronization, but aneuploidy was not detected in these cells. This was further confirmed by Western blotting. In nocodazole-synchronised cells, Cyclin B1 degradation was delayed with Nkd2 over-expression compared to control group. Given many previous publications showed that Wnt pathway components are involved in mitotic progression. Further investigation on Nkd2’s function in mitosis might give more clues on MPNSTs pathological progression.Genes & genomics 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s13258-013-0104-6 · 0.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The establishment of the left-right (LR) axis in zebrafish embryos relies on signals from the dorsal forerunner cells (DFC) and the Kupffer's vesicle (KV). While the Wnt signaling network influences many aspects of embryonic development, its precise role in LR patterning is still unclear. One branch of the Wnt network leads to stabilization of β-catenin and activation of downstream target genes. Other Wnt ligands appear to act independently of β-catenin to modulate calcium release and influence cell polarity. Central to regulation of β-catenin and coordination of convergent extension (CE) movements is Dishevelled (Dvl). Naked Cuticle (Nkd) binds Dvl and modulates β-catenin-dependent and independent Wnt signaling. Here, we analyze the expression patterns of three zebrafish Nkd homologs and find enriched expression of nkd1 in DFCs and KV. Dvl is degraded upon Nkd1 overexpression in zebrafish. Knockdown of Nkd1 specifically in the DFC results in β-catenin nuclear localization and transcriptional activation as well as alterations to DFC migration, KV formation, ciliogenesis and LR patterning. Furthermore, we identify asymmetric expression of the Nodal antagonist charon around the KV and show that Nkd1 knockdown impacts asymmetric charon expression. Our findings show that Nkd1 acts as a β-catenin antagonist in the DFCs necessary for LR patterning.Developmental Biology 12/2010; 348(1):22-33. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2010.08.040 · 3.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Large-scale proteomic approaches have been used to study signaling pathways. However, identification of biologically relevant hits from a single screen remains challenging due to limitations inherent in each individual approach. To overcome these limitations, we implemented an integrated, multi-dimensional approach and used it to identify Wnt pathway modulators. The LUMIER protein-protein interaction mapping method was used in conjunction with two functional screens that examined the effect of overexpression and siRNA-mediated gene knockdown on Wnt signaling. Meta-analysis of the three data sets yielded a combined pathway score (CPS) for each tested component, a value reflecting the likelihood that an individual protein is a Wnt pathway regulator. We characterized the role of two proteins with high CPSs, Ube2m and Nkd1. We show that Ube2m interacts with and modulates beta-catenin stability, and that the antagonistic effect of Nkd1 on Wnt signaling requires interaction with Axin, itself a negative pathway regulator. Thus, integrated physical and functional mapping in mammalian cells can identify signaling components with high confidence and provides unanticipated insights into pathway regulators.Molecular Systems Biology 10/2009; 5:315. DOI:10.1038/msb.2009.72 · 14.10 Impact Factor