Decreasing Sedentary Behaviors in Treating Pediatric Obesity
Epidemiological studies have shown television watching to be a risk factor for the development of obesity in children. The effect of reducing television watching and other sedentary behaviors as a component of a comprehensive obesity treatment program has not been thoroughly tested.
To compare the influence of targeting decreases in sedentary behavior vs. increases in physical activity in the comprehensive treatment of obesity in 8- to 12-year-old children.
Randomized, controlled outcome study.
Childhood obesity research clinic.
Ninety families with obese 8- to 12-year-old children were randomly assigned to groups that were provided a comprehensive family-based behavioral weight control program that included dietary, and behavior change information but differed in whether sedentary or physically active behaviors were targeted and the degree of behavior change required.
Results during 2 years showed that targeting either decreased sedentary behaviors or increased physical activity was associated with significant decreases in percent overweight and body fat and improved aerobic fitness. Self-reported activity minutes increased and targeted sedentary time decreased during treatment. Children substituted nontargeted sedentary behaviors for some of their targeted sedentary behaviors.
These results support reducing sedentary behaviors as an adjunct in the treatment of pediatric obesity.
Available from: Marta Vallejo
- "Design is another important element which influences the frequency of use of green areas (Schroeder and Daniel, 1982) and contribute to the improvement of health and wellbeing (Floyd et al., 2008). Users travel further distances to visit a certain green area if it has extended characteristics and enhanced aesthetical factors (McCormack et al., 2006; Epstein et al., 2000). Commonly size and design are also concepts linked together due to the fact that larger parks permit the allocation of a wider offer of services (Giles-Corti et al., 2005). "
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ABSTRACT: The task of green space allocation in urban areas consists of identifying a suitable site for allocating green areas. In this proposition paper we discuss about a number of factors like crowdedness, design, distribution
and size that could discourage inhabitants to visit a certain green urban area. We plan to cluster our urban
residents into several population segments using an Agent-Based Model and study the system in different
predefined scenarios. The overall objective of this work is to provide spatial guidance to planners, policy-
makers and other stakeholders, and shed light on potential policy conflicts among standard policy criteria and user preferences. We will evaluate this potential within a targeted stakeholder workshop.
7th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence, ICAART 2015, 257-262; 01/2015
Available from: Henrique Coutinho
- "The global epidemic of obesity should have its explanation focused on the identification of environmental factors involved . In modern societies, the dietary intake is represented by processed foods, high energy content, rich in lipids and carbohydrates. "
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ABSTRACT: Obesity in adults is characterized when the Body Mass Index (BMI) is greater than or equal to 30. It is estimated that 1.7 billion people in the world are overweight or obese, and more than one third of U.S. adults (35.7%) are obese. There are a variety of factors that play a role in obesity, such as behavior, environment, and genetic factors. Usual countermeasures include adequate physical activity, avoidance of calorie-dense foods, and use of certain drugs for promoting weight loss. Surgery is an extreme measure and anyone considering it must have failed consistently in losing weight through lifestyle changes and less invasive methods. The main drugs currently employed in obesity treatment present dangerous side effects, namely: elevation of blood pressure, insomnia, constipation, headaches, among others. For this reason, a wide variety of natural materials have been explored for their obesity treatment potential. Considering that natural anti-obesity products have different mechanisms, the recommended approach to research a more effective obesity treatment, reaching the associated synergistic effects, must involve the combination of natural products and/or products with multiple activities. This chapter describes several natural products with anti-obesity activity, and active components and mechanisms of action to combat obesity.
Available from: Dena J Schulman-Green
- "The community in which a person and family live can have a critical influence on the ability to manage a condition. In the inner city, for example, it is very difficult to find safe places to be physically active or to find healthy foods (Epstein, Paluch, Gordy, & Dorn, 2000). "
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ABSTRACT: Research on self- and family management of chronic conditions has advanced over the past 6 years, but the use of simple frameworks has hampered the understanding of the complexities involved.
We sought to update our previously published model with new empirical, synthetic, and theoretical work.
We used synthesis of previous studies to update the framework.
We propose a revised framework that clarifies facilitators and barriers, processes, proximal outcomes, and distal outcomes of self- and family management and their relationships.
We offer the revised framework as a model that can be used in studies aimed at advancing self- and family management science. The use of the framework to guide studies would allow for the design of studies that can address more clearly how self-management interventions work and under what conditions.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Nursing Outlook 10/2014; 63(2). DOI:10.1016/j.outlook.2014.10.003 · 1.59 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.