Studies on the antioxidant activity of milk caseins.
ABSTRACT The antioxidant properties of milk casein subunits (alpha-casein, beta-casein and kappa-casein) were evaluated in liposomal models. All the subunits of casein are able to inhibit Fe-induced peroxidation of arachidonic acid inserted into multilamellar liposomes of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (0.2 mM and 0.8 mM, respectively). The peroxidation was monitored as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, and the strongest inhibitory effect occurred when 500 micrograms of alpha-casein were added to 0.5 ml of liposomal suspension. At this concentration, peroxidation was completely inhibited in our experimental conditions (incubation for 2 h at room temperature, with a mixture of ferrous sulfate and ascorbate, 50 and 500 microM final concentration, respectively). The mechanisms of antioxidant action are complex, but the strongest effect is achieved by modifying the Fe2+/Fe3+ equilibrium; in fact, caseins seem to favour the autoxidation of iron, and thus inhibit lipid peroxidation.
- SourceAvailable from: A. Suha YalçinMarmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi (MUSBED). 01/2011; 1(1):26-34.
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ABSTRACT: The oxidative stability of 10 % fish oil-in-water emulsions was investigated for emulsions prepared under different homogenization conditions. Homogenization was conducted at two different pressures (5 or 22.5 MPa), and at two different temperatures (22 and 72 °C). Milk proteins were used as the emulsifier. Hence, emulsions were prepared with either a combination of α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin or with a combination of sodium caseinate and β-lactoglobulin. Results showed that an increase in pressure increased the oxidative stability of emulsions with caseinate and β-lactoglobulin, whereas it decreased the oxidative stability of emulsions with α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin. For both types of emulsions the partitioning of proteins between the interface and the aqueous phase appeared to be important for the oxidative stability. The effect of pre-heating the aqueous phase with the milk proteins prior to homogenization did not have any clear effect on lipid oxidation in either of the two types of emulsions.Journal of Oil & Fat Industries · 1.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to determine potential application of a serine proteinase derived from Asian pumpkin for obtaining biologically active peptides from casein. The course of casein hydrolysis by three doses of the enzyme (50, 150, 300 U/mg of protein) was monitored for 24 hours by the determinations of: hydrolysis degree DH (%), free amino group content (μmole Gly/g), RP HPLC peptide profiles and by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In all hydrolyzates analyzed antioxidant activities were determined using three tests: the ability to reduce iron ions in FRAP test, the ability to scavenge free radicals in DPPH test, and Fe(2+) chelating activity. The antimicrobial activity of obtained peptide fractions was determined as the ability to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas fluorescens in a diffusion plate test. The deepest degradation, expressed as the DH [%] and the free amino group content (67% and 7528 µmole Gly/mg, respectively), was noted in samples hydrolyzed with 300 U/ml of enzyme for 24 hours, while in other samples the determined values were about three and two times lower. The results were in agreement with the peptide profiles obtained by RP HPLC. The highest antioxidative activities determined in all tests were seen for the casein hydrolysate obtained with 300 U/mg protein of serine proteinase after 24 h of reaction (2.15 µM Trolox/mg, 96.15 µg Fe(3+)/mg, 814.97 µg Fe(2+)/mg). Antimicrobial activity was presented in three preparations. In other samples no antimicrobial activity was detected.Acta biochimica Polonica 03/2013; · 1.19 Impact Factor