Article

Studies on the antioxidant activity of milk caseins.

Dipartimento di Chimica e Biochimica Medica, LITA Vialba, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.26). 08/1999; 50(4):291-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The antioxidant properties of milk casein subunits (alpha-casein, beta-casein and kappa-casein) were evaluated in liposomal models. All the subunits of casein are able to inhibit Fe-induced peroxidation of arachidonic acid inserted into multilamellar liposomes of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (0.2 mM and 0.8 mM, respectively). The peroxidation was monitored as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, and the strongest inhibitory effect occurred when 500 micrograms of alpha-casein were added to 0.5 ml of liposomal suspension. At this concentration, peroxidation was completely inhibited in our experimental conditions (incubation for 2 h at room temperature, with a mixture of ferrous sulfate and ascorbate, 50 and 500 microM final concentration, respectively). The mechanisms of antioxidant action are complex, but the strongest effect is achieved by modifying the Fe2+/Fe3+ equilibrium; in fact, caseins seem to favour the autoxidation of iron, and thus inhibit lipid peroxidation.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
80 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Corn protein was hydrolysed by three microbial proteases and further separated by sequential ultra-filtration to 12 hydrolysate fractions which were investigated for free radical scavenging capacity and chelating activity. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of the hydrolysates varied significantly between 65.6 and 191.4μmoles Trolox equivalents (TE)/g dried weight with a small peptide fraction (NP-F3) produced by neutral protease (NP) possessing the highest antioxidant activity. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH()) scavenging activities of the hydrolysate fractions also varied significantly between 18.4 and 38.7μmoles TE/g. Two fractions (AP-F2 and AP-F3) produced by alkaline protease (AP) showed the strongest activity. However, no significant difference was detected on the chelating activity of the fractions. NP-F3, AP-F2, and AP-F3 were incorporated into ground beef to determine their effects on lipid oxidation during 15-day storage period. NP-F3 was the only fraction that inhibited lipid oxidation at both 250 and 500μg/g levels by as much as 52.9%.
    Food Chemistry 12/2012; 135(3):1192-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to determine potential application of a serine proteinase derived from Asian pumpkin for obtaining biologically active peptides from casein. The course of casein hydrolysis by three doses of the enzyme (50, 150, 300 U/mg of protein) was monitored for 24 hours by the determinations of: hydrolysis degree DH (%), free amino group content (μmole Gly/g), RP HPLC peptide profiles and by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In all hydrolyzates analyzed antioxidant activities were determined using three tests: the ability to reduce iron ions in FRAP test, the ability to scavenge free radicals in DPPH test, and Fe(2+) chelating activity. The antimicrobial activity of obtained peptide fractions was determined as the ability to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas fluorescens in a diffusion plate test. The deepest degradation, expressed as the DH [%] and the free amino group content (67% and 7528 µmole Gly/mg, respectively), was noted in samples hydrolyzed with 300 U/ml of enzyme for 24 hours, while in other samples the determined values were about three and two times lower. The results were in agreement with the peptide profiles obtained by RP HPLC. The highest antioxidative activities determined in all tests were seen for the casein hydrolysate obtained with 300 U/mg protein of serine proteinase after 24 h of reaction (2.15 µM Trolox/mg, 96.15 µg Fe(3+)/mg, 814.97 µg Fe(2+)/mg). Antimicrobial activity was presented in three preparations. In other samples no antimicrobial activity was detected.
    Acta biochimica Polonica 03/2013; · 1.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Milk proteins are often used by the food industry because of their good emulsifying properties. In addition, they can also provide oxidative stability to foods. However, different milk proteins or protein components have been shown to differ in their antioxidative properties, and their localisation in emulsions has been shown to be affected by the emulsification conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of homogenisation equipment (microfluidizer vs. two-stage valve homogeniser) on lipid oxidation in 10% fish oil-in-water emulsions prepared with two different milk proteins. Emulsions were prepared at pH 7 with similar droplet sizes. Results showed that the oxidative stability of emulsions prepared with sodium caseinate was not influenced by the type of homogeniser used. In contrast, the type of homogenisation equipment significantly influenced lipid oxidation when whey protein was used as emulsifier, with the microfluidizer resulting in lower levels of oxidation.
    Food Chemistry 09/2012; 134(2):803-10. · 3.33 Impact Factor