Influence of different parameters on drug release from hydrogel systems to a biomembrane model: Evaluation by differential scanning calorimetry technique
ABSTRACT A comparative study on the drug release capacity of four water swellable polymeric systems was carried out by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The polymeric systems chosen were alpha,beta-polyaspartahydrazide (PAHy) crosslinked by glutaraldehyde (GLU) (PAHy-GLU) or by ethyleneglycoldiglycidylether (EGDGE), (PAHy-EGDGE), polyvinylalcohol (PVA) crosslinked by glutaraldehyde (PVA-GLU) and alpha,beta-poly(N-hydroxyethyl)-DL-aspartamide (PHEA) by gamma irradiation (PHEA-gamma matrices). The degree of crosslinking for PAHy-GLU, PAHy-EGDGE and PVA-GLU samples was about 0.4 and 0.8. These hydrogels were characterized as free of drugs and were loaded with diflunisal (DFN) (approximately 2.5% w/w). Diflunisal, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has been chosen as a model drug to be incorporated into polymeric matrices to follow the release processes of a drug from these hydrogels to a model membrane made by unilamellar vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). Differential scanning calorimetry appears to be a suitable technique to follow the transfer kinetics of the drug from the controlled release system to the biomembrane model. The drug releases from all the considered polymeric hydrogels, were compared with the release observed from the drug solid form by examining the effects on the thermotropic behaviour of DPPC unilamellar vesicles. The release kinetics of the drug from hydrogels were followed at 25, 37 and 50 degrees C to evidence the influence of temperature on the drug release and on the successive transfer to biological membrane model. Particularly, it appears evident that the total amount of drug transferred and the release rate are affected by the polymer crosslinking degree (it increases with crosslinking decrease) as well as by the nature of crosslinking agent. In fact, the drug release profiles from PAHy-GLU samples are more differentiated than those from PAHy-EGDGE. The effect of parameters correlating with the properties of starting polymer, such as water-affinity, crystallinity, glass-to-rubber transition temperature and affinity towards drug molecules, has been also evaluated.
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- "In the last years, a number of natural polysaccharides forming gels were studied to prepare drug-release devices. The drug release rate is strongly dependent on the characteristics of the gel structure, which, in some cases, can be easily modified   . Under this respect matrices based on κ-carrageenan deserve great interest. "
ABSTRACT: The potential utility of kappa-carrageenan gels for preparing drug release devices is here shown. Structural properties of kappa-carrageenan gels prepared with different salt composition and containing Ketoprofen sodium salt, as model drug, have been evaluated with static light scattering and rheological measurements. These properties have been correlated with release profiles in vitro at pH 5.5. Release properties from gelled matrices have been compared with those obtained by two commercial products containing the same drug. Results show that: i) in this system it is possible to easily control the gel texture by using different cationic concentration; ii) the kinetics of drug release by kappa-carrageenan gels are dependent on the structural properties of matrices; iii) in the typical interval time used in classical local applications, all gel samples release the loaded drug almost completely, at difference with the commercial products. All these findings can provide useful suggestions for the realization of classical topical release systems.Biophysical Chemistry 09/2007; 129(1):18-22. DOI:10.1016/j.bpc.2007.04.013 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present work is aimed at investigating the release of Diclofenac (DCF) from Eudragit RS100 (RS) microparticles to a biological model membrane consisting of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) multilamellar vesicles (MLV). The microparticles were prepared by the Quasi-Emulsion Solvent Diffusion method (QESD). The drug release was monitored by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) technique, following the effects exerted by DCF on the thermotropic behaviour of DMPC multilamellar vesicles at different temperatures. DCF affects the transition temperature (Tm) of phospholipid vesicles, causing a shift towards lower values, which is modulated by the drug fraction entering into the lipid bilayer. Calorimetric measurements were performed at two different pH (4.0 and 7.4) on suspensions of blank liposomes added to weighed amounts of unloaded and DCF-loaded microspheres, as well as to the powdered free drug, after incubation at 37 degrees C. The Tm shifts, caused by the drug released from the polymeric system or by the free drug during incubation cycles, were compared to those caused by a chosen molar fractions of the free drug dispersed directly in the membrane. This in vitro study suggests as the kinetic process involved in drug release is influenced by the amount of drug loaded in the microspheres as well as by the pH value, acting on drug solubility and membrane disorder.Drug Delivery 07/2001; 8(3):173-7. DOI:10.1080/107175401316906946 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The different interactions of p-hydroxybenzoic acid (1), a simple biophenol (BP) found in olives and their food products, and its substitute analogues, benzoic (2), anisic (3), and toluic (4) acids, with a model membrane represented by dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) multilamellar vesicles (MLV) was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The influence of their different lipophilic character on transfer and absorption processes through an aqueous medium into a lipid bilayer was also investigated. DSC experiments allowed monitoring of the interaction of BP with biomembranes by considering the effects exerted on the thermotropic behavior of DMPC multilamellar and unilamellar vesicles at different pHs (4 and 7.4). The examined compounds affect the transition temperature (T(m)) of phospholipid vesicles, causing a shift toward lower values, which is modulated by the molecular fraction entering into the lipid bilayer, as well as by their molecular interaction with the lipids. Kinetic calorimetric measurements were performed on suspensions of blank liposomes immediately after being added to fixed weighed amounts of powdered compounds and after increasing incubation periods at 37 degrees C. T(m) shifts, due to molecular dissolution and transfer of the compounds into the membrane surface occurring during the incubation time, were compared with those determined by a fixed molar fraction of free compounds directly dispersed in the membrane. The results show that the kinetic process, involved in molecular release, transfer through aqueous medium, and uptake by the model membrane surface, is influenced by lipophilicity as well as by pH, acting on the acid solubility and membrane disorder, allowing us to gather useful information on the BP intake process of olive derived foodstuffs.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 12/2001; 49(11):5130-5. DOI:10.1021/jf0102867 · 3.11 Impact Factor