Pervanadate-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activation requires tyrosine phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha. Comparison with tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
ABSTRACT Tumor necrosis factor activates nuclear transcription factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) by inducing serine phosphorylation of the inhibitory subunit of NF-kappaB (IkappaBalpha), which leads to its ubiquitination and degradation. In contrast, pervanadate (PV) activates NF-kappaB and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha (Singh, S., Darney, B. G., and Aggarwal, B. B. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 31049-31054; Imbert, V., Rupec, R. A., Antonia, L., Pahl, H. L., Traenckner, E. B.-M., Mueller-Dieckmann, C., Farahifar, D., Rossi, B., Auderger, P., Baeuerle, P. A., and Peyron, J.-F. (1996) Cell 86, 787-798). Whether PV also induces IkappaBalpha degradation and whether degradation is required for NF-kappaB activation are not understood. We investigated the effect of PV-induced tyrosine phosphorylation on IkappaBalpha degradation and NF-kappaB activation. PV activated NF-kappaB, as determined by DNA binding, NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression, and phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha. Maximum degradation of IkappaBalpha occurred at 180 min, followed by NF-kappaB-dependent IkappaBalpha resynthesis. N-Acetylleucylleucylnorlucinal, a proteasome inhibitor, blocked both IkappaBalpha degradation and NF-kappaB activation, suggesting that the IkappaBalpha degradation is required for NF-kappaB activation. PV did not induce serine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha but induced phosphorylation at tyrosine residue 42. Unlike tumor necrosis factor (TNF), PV did not induce ubiquitination of IkappaBalpha. Like TNF, however, PV induced phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha, and subsequent NF-kappaB activation, which could be blocked by N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone, calpeptin, and pyrrolidine dithiocarbomate, suggesting a close link between PV-induced NF-kappaB activation and IkappaBalpha degradation. Overall, our studies demonstrate that PV activates NF-kappaB, which, unlike TNF, requires tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and its degradation.
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ABSTRACT: Fertilization involves the activation of Src-family protein kinases which play a role at multiple stages of the egg activation process. The objective of the present study was to determine the mechanism by which one of these kinases, the Fyn kinase, is activated in response to fertilization of the zebrafish egg. Inhibitor studies demonstrated that many aspects of egg activation, including Fyn activation, require phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activity. A phosphotyrosyl phosphatase was found to be tightly associated with Fyn kinase and this interaction was mapped to the SH2 domain of Fyn. Coimmunoprecipitation studies identified rPTPalpha as a phosphatase that is complexed with Fyn in the egg, raising the possibility that rPTPalpha is part of the regulatory mechanism responsible for activating Fyn at fertilization.Developmental Biology 08/2002; 247(2):286-94. DOI:10.1006/dbio.2002.0697 · 3.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: More than 70 separate genes have now been identified, mutation of which underlie various immunodeficiency syndromes and the dissection of the function of these genes provides outstanding examples of the power of molecular medicine. In this chapter, we will focus on cytokines whose receptors comprise the common gamma chain, gc, which signal through the protein tyrosine kinase, Jak3.
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ABSTRACT: This chapter reviews the clinical manifestations, pathophysiology and approaches to treatment of endocrine diseases resulting from the dysfunction of signal-transducing G proteins, the G protein-coupled receptors at the cell surface which regulate their activity, and downstream effectors of G proteins. Acquired or inherited alterations of these signalling components all have the potential to disrupt G protein-regulated signaling. The clinical manifestations, pathophysiology and approaches to treatment of different endocrine diseases are explored. Future avenues for drug development that may expand and improve diagnostic and therapeutic options for endocrine and other diseases resulting from dysfunction in G protein signaling pathways are discussed.