Hypothyroidism unmasking proximal myotonic myopathy.
ABSTRACT No specific diagnostic test is available to identify patients with proximal myotonic myopathy and to distinguish them from common disorders causing similar complaints. We describe three patients from three separate families who were initially diagnosed as having hypothyroid myopathy. Proximal weakness, stiffness and myotonia have persisted in each patient (2-10 years) despite the restoration of the euthyroid state. A familial pattern of autosomal dominant inheritance for proximal weakness, myotonia, and cataracts was clearly identified in one family and was likely in the other two families. DNA testing showed normal size of CTG repeat in the gene for myotonic dystrophy. The clinical presentation of these three patients strongly suggests that hypothyroidism can unmask PROMM in asymptomatic individuals who carry the genetic abnormality. Other cases of 'hypothyroid myopathy' may represent examples of unmasked PROMM.
10/2013, Supervisor: Проф. д-р Силвия Чернинкова, дм, дмн Проф. д-р Ивайло Търнев, дм, дмн
Myology, 3rd edited by AG Engel, C Franzini-Armstrong, 01/2004: chapter 46: pages 1257-1300; McGraw-Hill, New York., ISBN: 0-07-137182-6
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ABSTRACT: Myotonia Congenita is an inherited muscle disorder sustained by mutations in the skeletal muscle chloride channel gene CLCN1. Symptoms vary from mild to severe and generalized myotonia and worsen with cold, stressful events and hormonal fluctuations. Here we report the case of a young woman who sought medical attention because of subacute onset of diffuse and severe limb myotonia. CLCN1 gene sequencing showed a heterozygous transversion (T550M), two polymorphisms and one silent mutation. Thyroid function screening revealed severe hypothyroidism. She was placed on L-thyroxine replacement therapy which dramatically improved myotonia. We conclude that hypothyroidism unmasked a genetically determined, clinically asymptomatic chloride channelopathy. Diagnostic work-up in patients with clinically isolated myotonia should not be limited to genetic screening of non-dystrophic or dystrophic myotonias. Considering the high prevalence of hypothyroidism in females, systematic thyroid function screening by looking for additional hypothyroid symptoms and serum TSH levels measurement is mandatory in these patients.Neuromuscular Disorders 04/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.nmd.2014.01.006 · 3.13 Impact Factor