Does intraoperative hetastarch administration increase blood loss and transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery?
ABSTRACT Hetastarch is used for intravascular volume expansion in cardiac surgery. Studies show conflicting effects of intraoperative hetastarch administration on postoperative bleeding. Hetastarch was routinely used for volume expansion during cardiovascular surgeries at our institution until its use was discontinued intraoperatively. We performed a retrospective chart review on patients undergoing primary coronary artery bypass grafting, valve repair or replacement requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (n = 444), 234 of which received intraoperative hetastarch and 210 did not. There was no difference in demographics, cardiac surgery, or cardiopulmonary bypass duration between the two groups. Blood loss for 0-4 h postoperatively was 377 +/- 244 mL in the group not receiving hetastarch compared with 515 +/- 336 mL in the group that received hetastarch (P < 0.001). For 0-24 h postoperatively, blood loss was 923 +/- 473 mL versus 1,283 +/- 686 mL in the absence and presence of hetastarch, respectively (P < 0.001). Allogeneic transfusion requirements (cryoprecipitate, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets) were larger in the hetastarch group (all P < 0.001). Nearly all (99%) patients in the hetastarch group received less than the manufacturer's recommended dose (20 mL/kg) of hetastarch. IMPLICATIONS: Our large retrospective study suggests that intraoperative use of hetastarch in primary cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass may increase bleeding and transfusion requirements. A large prospective study is needed to determine if intraoperative administration of hetastarch should be avoided during cardiovascular surgery.
SourceAvailable from: Audrius Andrijauskas
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ABSTRACT: /st>Infusion of 5% human albumin (HA) and 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (HES) during cardiac surgery expand circulating volume to a greater extent than crystalloids and would be suitable for a restrictive fluid therapy regimen. However, HA and HES may affect blood coagulation and could contribute to increased transfusion requirements. /st>We randomly assigned 240 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery to receive up to 50 ml kg(-1) day(-1) of either HA, HES, or Ringer's lactate (RL) as the main infusion fluid perioperatively. Study solutions were supplied in identical bottles dressed in opaque covers. The primary outcome was chest tube drainage over 24 h. Blood transfusions, thromboelastometry variables, perioperative fluid balance, renal function, mortality, intensive care unit, and hospital stay were also assessed. /st>The median cumulative blood loss was not different between the groups (HA: 835, HES: 700, and RL: 670 ml). However, 35% of RL patients required blood products, compared with 62% (HA) and 64% (HES group; P=0.0003). Significantly, more study solution had to be administered in the RL group compared with the colloid groups. Total perioperative fluid balance was least positive in the HA group [6.2 (2.5) litre] compared with the HES [7.4 (3.0) litre] and RL [8.3 (2.8) litre] groups (P<0.0001). Both colloids affected clot formation and clot strength and caused slight increases in serum creatinine. /st>Despite equal blood loss from chest drains, both colloids interfered with blood coagulation and produced greater haemodilution, which was associated with more transfusion of blood products compared with crystalloid use only.BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia 10/2013; 112(2). DOI:10.1093/bja/aet348 · 4.24 Impact Factor
Article: Fluid and Blood Therapy in Trauma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
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