Paget's disease of the vulva: pathology, pattern of involvement, and prognosis.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine prognostic factors and risk factors for recurrence in patients with Paget's disease of the vulva.
The medical records of 76 patients with a diagnosis of Paget's disease of the vulva were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis in each case was confirmed by reviewing the pathology. Patients were then divided into four groups by diagnosis: intraepithelial Paget's disease (IEP) (n = 46), invasive Paget's disease (IP) (n = 9), intraepithelial Paget's disease with underlying adenocarcinoma (IEPUA) (n = 13), and intraepithelial Paget's disease with a coexisting cancer (CCA) (n = 8). Comorbid conditions, location of disease, pathologic diagnosis, method of treatment, margin status, and current status of the patient were evaluated. Descriptive statistical data and univariate analysis were generated using the Statview statistical package.
A diagnosis of IEPUA, IP, or CCA predicted a poor survival (P = 0. 0017). Patients who had received chemotherapy or radiation as treatment had a poor survival (P < 0.0001 and 0.0002). Patients with clitoral Paget's disease had a higher incidence of death from disease (P = 0.026). When death from all causes was considered, patients treated with wide local excision (WLE) had a significantly longer survival than patients treated with other more radical treatments (P = 0.02). Risk factors for recurrence included treatment with WLE (P = 0.004).
Patients with IP, IEPUA, or CCA have a poorer prognosis than patients with IEP. Location of Paget's disease is important for prognosis; and patients with clitoral Paget's disease may require more aggressive treatment. WLE is associated with a higher risk of recurrence, but overall patients with WLE tend to survive longer than patients treated more radically.
- Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 07/2013; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is often associated with underlying or distant synchronous malignancies. The prognosis for affected patients is generally favourable; however, the risk of secondary malignancies is unknown. The goal of the study was to analyse the incidence, prognosis and pattern of secondary malignancies for patients with invasive EMPD using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program. We searched the SEER Program database for patients diagnosed with invasive EMPD between 1973 and 2008. Demographic data, outcome and secondary malignancies more than 1 year after the initial diagnosis of invasive EMPD were included in the analysis. We calculated the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and estimated the excess absolute risk (EAR) per 10 000 person-years (PY). There were 1439 patients who were diagnosed with invasive EMPD. Most patients (80·4%) had localized disease, while 17·1% had locoregional spread and 2·5% presented with distant disease. The SIR for secondary malignancies in patients with invasive EMPD was significantly elevated with an EAR of 97·4 additional malignancies per 10 000 PY. The excess risk was mostly due to a significantly increased incidence of colorectal and anal malignancies. The initial site of disease predicted the site of the secondary malignancies, with patients with colorectal, anal, vulvar and scrotal disease showing an increased risk of colorectal, anal, vulvar and scrotal malignancies, respectively. Our study identified a long-term increased risk of developing secondary malignancies in patients with invasive EMPD that are mainly related to the site of origin of this disease. Patients with invasive EMPD require prolonged follow-up and screening for these malignancies.British Journal of Dermatology 03/2014; 170(3):661-71. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) and vulvar Paget disease are managed with either vulvectomy, destructive treatments (laser, antimitotic drugs) or immunostimulants. All these options are associated with functional complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical technique consisting of skinning vulvectomy with split-thickness skin graft, and its effect on overall quality of life and sexual function. A retrospective study was conducted on thirteen patients who underwent skinning vulvectomy with split-thickness skin graft between 1999 and 2009. Overall quality of life and sexual function were assessed with the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (MOS SF-36) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), respectively. The median age of patients was 54 (range: 33-77) years. Three patients had Paget disease and 10 patients had VIN lesions. The excision margins were clear in 46% of cases. The incidence of occult cancer was 31%. The mean follow-up period was 77 (±35) months. Four patients experienced a relapse of their intraepithelial disease. The mean disease-free survival was 58 (±44) months. There was no significant difference in MOS SF-36 scores between the study population and the general population. The patients assessed with the FSFI regained normal sexual function after the surgical procedure. Skinning vulvectomy with split-thickness skin graft is a feasible technique yielding good results in terms of quality of life and sexual function. It enables occult cancer to be diagnosed in patients with VIN or Paget disease.European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 09/2013; · 2.56 Impact Factor