Impact of mid day meal program on educational and nutritional status of school children in Karnataka.
ABSTRACT To assess the effect of the Mid Day Meal (MDM) Program on enrollment, attendance, dropout rate and retention rate in the schools and its impact on nutritional status as well as on school performance.
Comparison by multistage random sampling.
Primary school children, who are attending the school in the MDM and non-MDM areas.
A total of 2,694 children (MDM: 1361; Non-MDM : 1333) from 60 schools were covered in the study. Results of the study indicated better enrollment (p<0.05) and attendance (p<0.001), higher retention rate with reduced dropout rate (p<0.001) a marginally higher scholastic performance and marginally higher growth performance of MDM children.
MDM program is associated with a better educational and nutritional status of school children in Karnataka.
- SourceAvailable from: medind.nic.in[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the impact of wholesome mid day meal (MDM) program run by an NGO on the growth of the primary school students in rural area of Mathura district. This intervention study involved children enrolled in Government run rural primary schools in Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh from March 06 through August 07. A wholesome, nutritionally balanced MDM provided by an NGO for the students in the 6 primary schools was selected as intervention group. Control group consisted of children in 8 schools which received locally prepared MDM by village panchayats. Height, weight, change in height/month, change in weight/month, prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition and prevalence of signs of vitamin deficiencies, were measured. Food was provided for 221 days in one year. Within group and between groups repetitive measures were compared using generalized estimating equation (GEE). Within both intervention and control groups height and weight had significantly increased (p < 0.05), while there was no significant difference between the groups. There was no change in prevalence of malnutrition within either of the groups. Reduction in vitamin A deficiency signs was 38% more in intervention group (p < 0.001). Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency reduced by 50% more in intervention group. No such differences between groups were observed for vitamin B complex and vitamin C. MDM provided by the NGO has no better impact on growth of the primary school children, however, it reduced prevalence of vitamin deficiency significantly in comparison to the MDM run by Village Panchayats.The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 07/2010; 77(7):763-9. · 0.72 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the importance of food supplementation as incentive in improving preantiretroviral therapy (pre-ART) adherence, and second its impact on health of HIV-infected children by a clinic-based observational study. HIV-seropositive children aged between 2 and 12 years were followed-up sequentially for 2 years without and with food supplementation, respectively, with monitoring of disease parameters. The outcome morbidity parameters were compared and correlated. Study showed significant improvement in clinic adherence (r = 0.165, p = 0.027) along with increased mean clinic visit (6.65 ± 1.43 vs. 8.01 ± 1.52, p = 0.000) and mean CD4 count (p = 0.028) with incentive. Provision of incentive correlated well (Pearson's r = 0.345) with number of visits which in turn had strong correlation with weight gain (r = 0.548), episodes of AIDS-defining illnesses (r = -0.412), hospitalization (r = -0.279). Food incentive could enhance pre-ART phase clinic adherence that decreases disease-related morbidities, setting the stage for improved treatment and care of seropositive children in future.Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 03/2011; 58(1):31-7. · 1.01 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article assesses the effect of transition from monthly distribution of free food grains to the daily provision of free cooked meals to school children on enrolments and attendance in a rural area of India. School panel data allow a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to address possible endogeneity of programme placement. The results suggest that programme transition had a significant impact on improving the daily participation rates of children in lower grades. The average monthly attendance rate of girls in grade one was more than 12 percentage points higher while there was a positive but insignificant effect on grade one boys' attendance rate. The impact on enrolment levels was insignificant.The Journal of Development Studies. 11/2011; 47(11):1636-1656.