Pseudomembranous gastritis: a novel complication of Aspergillus infection in a patient with a bone marrow transplant and graft versus host disease.
ABSTRACT A 36-year-old Hispanic man who had undergone allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, complicated by graft versus host disease, was admitted with acute gastrointestinal symptoms, including severe diarrhea and diffuse abdominal pain. He also had a persistent cough with sputum production. Blood cultures yielded Escherichia coli, and sputum cultures grew Apergillus species. The patient was treated with antifungal agents and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Despite aggressive medical therapy, the patient died 10 days after admission. Postmortem examination disclosed severe, bilateral confluent bronchopneumonia, with numerous septated branching hyphae consistent with Aspergillus species fungal organisms that involved the pulmonary parenchyma and tracheobronchial tree. Although the small and large bowels were only mildly congested, the entire gastric mucosa was covered with a 1.5-cm-thick pseudomembrane that contained numerous Aspergillus organisms. Our report represents the first description, to our knowledge, of a diffuse inflammatory pseudomembrane in the stomach, a complication that to date has only been associated with small and large bowel involvement.
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ABSTRACT: Invasive Aspergillus commonly involves the lungs, but can also affect other organs such as the skin, adrenal glands, central nervous system, liver, spleen and the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal aspergillosis is rare and is most often discovered in immunocompromised patients. There is only one other case report to our knowledge that describes the diagnosis being discovered on histopathological analysis of endoscopic biopsies of necrotic ulcers. A 36-year-old Hispanic woman presented with septic shock secondary to extensive Fournier gangrene and required multiple surgical debridement of the perineal and retroperitoneal area. Her vital signs on admission were a temperature of 39.4[degree sign]C and blood pressure of 85/56mmHg, pulse rate of 108/min and respiratory rate of 25. An examination of the perineum/genital area revealed bilateral gluteal and perilabial edema, erythema and focal areas of necrotic tissue with purulent discharge. Her other surgeries included small and large bowel resections with colostomy and diverting ileostomy. Eleven weeks after admission, our patient developed hematochezia from the colostomy associated with a decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit to 6.4g/dL and 20.2% respectively. Colonoscopy through the ostomy revealed blood throughout the colon and a 3cm necrotic ulcer with an adherent clot in the transverse colon. Biopsies were taken from the edge of the ulcer. Histopathological analysis of the specimen with Grocott's methenamine silver stain revealed septated hyphae with the 45-degree-angle branching that is morphologically consistent with Aspergillus species. Our patient was treated with intravenous voriconazole for 30 days with a prolonged hospitalization but no recurrent bleeding. Gastrointestinal aspergillosis is an unusual presentation of invasive Aspergillus associated with a high mortality rate. Characteristic features of gastrointestinal aspergillosis include invasion of the mesenteric arteries, intravascular thrombosis and subsequent tissue ischemia. Clinical manifestations of invasive Aspergillus of the gastrointestinal tract can include fever, abdominal pain, ileus, peritonitis, bloody diarrhea or hematochezia. In an autopsy series of patients with invasive Aspergillus, 37 of 107 patients had Aspergillus involvement of the gastrointestinal system; the most common pathological findings included ulcers and abscesses. Although rare, invasive aspergillosis may present with gastrointestinal bleeding associated with necrotic ulcers on endoscopic examination.Journal of Medical Case Reports 12/2014; 8(1):407. DOI:10.1186/1752-1947-8-407
Stem Cells in Clinic and Research, 08/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-797-0
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ABSTRACT: Invasive aspergillosis is most commonly seen in patients with immune disorders and usually in the lung. Local invasive aspergillosis of the gastrointestinal system is quite rare. A 13-year-old female without immune deficiency presented with acute abdomen due to full-thickness necrosis of the gastric fundus. The necrotic gastric wall was excised and the stomach repaired. The pathology revealed a gastric ulcer with invading Aspergillus hyphae and spores. Aspergillosis is an opportunistic infection and its spores cannot survive in the normal gastric mucosa. The Aspergillus spores in this case probably grew on a background of gastric ulcer and caused wall necrosis and that the surgical treatment possibly provided a cure because it remained localized to the gastric wall.Surgery Today 08/2012; 43(6). DOI:10.1007/s00595-012-0255-0 · 1.21 Impact Factor