Article

Signaling via the T Cell Antigen Receptor Induces Phosphorylation of Stat1 on Serine 727

Department of Immunology, The Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.57). 07/2000; 275(22):16574-8. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M910149199
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Stat1 transcription factor plays a pivotal role in both, the antiviral and antigrowth actions of interferons. Stat1 acquires
the ability to bind DNA by becoming phosphorylated on Tyr701. However, to effectively stimulate gene transcription, it must also be phosphorylated on Ser727. We show that engagement of T cell antigen receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex in either Jurkat cells or peripheral blood lymphocytes
stimulates phosphorylation of Ser727 but not Tyr701 of Stat1. This process does not require the expression of tyrosine kinases Lck and Zap-70. Interestingly, pretreatment of
T cells with the Src kinase inhibitor PP1 completely abrogated CD3-mediated serine phosphorylation of Stat1, whereas inhibitors
to MEK1 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase had no effect. Phosphorylation of Ser727 of Stat1 in T cells is not restricted to TCR/CD3 but also results when cells are stimulated via the costimulatory molecule
CD28. The combination of CD3 and CD28 did not augment phosphorylation of Stat1 Ser727. Surprisingly, Stat1-mediated transcriptional activity in response to IFN-α was enhanced with CD3 stimulation, whereas CD3
alone had little effect. These findings suggest that Stat1 is a signaling molecule in TCR signaling and may play a role in
T cell function.

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