Prevalence of subclinical Salmonella enterica infection in Danish finishing pig herds.
ABSTRACT Our aim was to determine the Salmonella enterica prevalence in 96 randomly selected Danish pig herds, based on serological examination of blood samples and bacteriological examination of faecal samples (collected simultaneously from the same pens). For comparison, 39 high-seroprevalence herds were included in the study. The representativeness of the selected herds was assessed, based on descriptive statistics of herd size and type. Totals of 1330 pen samples and 6814 blood samples were examined.The results from the meat-juice screening in the Danish S. enterica Control Programme were available for 3372 meat-juice samples from 91 of the 96 randomly selected herds and 1195 meat-juice samples from 37 of the 39 high-seroprevalence herds. Of the 96 randomly selected herds, 23 herds had no positive pen samples (out of 10), no positive blood samples (out of 50) and no positive meat-juice samples (out of approximately 30-40 samples in 6 months). Ten herds had one or more positive meat-juice samples but were otherwise negative. S. Typhimurium was isolated from 30 of the 39 high-seroprevalence herds. Our conclusions were: (1) The within-herd seroprevalence among the 96 randomly selected Danish pig herds was low (average within-herd seroprevalence=2%, maximum=32%). (2) Among the 39 high-seroprevalence herds (recently assigned level 3 in the S. enterica Control Programme), S. enterica was isolated from 77% of the herds when 10 pen samples were examined bacteriologically. (3) Seropositivity tended to be related to the presence of S. Typhimurium.
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ABSTRACT: In the nation-wide Salmonella Control Program in Denmark, the occurrence of Salmonella enterica in pork, pigs at slaughter and herds is monitored. The objective of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate changes in sero-prevalence of meat juice samples and in the occurrence of Salmonella enterica in pork in 1995 and 1996. Three sets of data were used in this work: (1) serological test results of meat juice samples from pigs at slaughter (approximately 14000 samples per week); (2) bacteriological test results of pork (approximately 550 samples per week); and (3) data on the salmonella level of all Danish herds with an expected kill of over 100 pigs per year. The change-point analysis was applied to detect the change-points that divided the study period into intervals in which the prevalence was constant and to estimate the average prevalences in those intervals. Progress in the Danish Salmonella Control Program was visualised when using the results of the change-point analysis (1995-96) as baseline prevalences and compared with the current year (1997). The change-point analysis provided an indication of a seasonal pattern in salmonella occurrence with lower sero-prevalence in summer than in winter. The sero-prevalence (percent positive meat juice samples) might be a better predictor of prevalence in pork than the proportion of herds with moderate or high sero-prevalence.Preventive Veterinary Medicine 09/1998; 36(2):131-43. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A total of 43 pigs, inoculated with Salmonella typhimurium (O:1,4,5,12) and un-inoculated controls were followed weekly by blood and faecal samplings for up to 18 weeks post inoculation (p.i.). Three pigs, inoculated with S. infantis (O:6,7) were followed similarly for 9 weeks. All inoculated pigs, except one, were positive for Salmonella by traditional faecal culture on at least one occasion during the first week of infection, whereafter shedding of bacteria rapidly declined to < 10% of the pigs from week 7. All control pigs remained Salmonella negative by culture of faecal samples. When examined serologically in an indirect ELISA using mixed purified LPS from S. typhimurium and S. choleraesuis (O:6,7), all but one S. typhimurium infected pig and all S. infantis infected pigs produced significantly increased optical densities (OD) in the ELISA as compared to the control groups. The maximum anti-LPS response was observed at day 22, when 86% of the S. typhimurium inoculated pigs had seroconverted, while the frequency of seropositive pigs peaked at days 30 (92%) and 37 p.i. (92%). Large variations were found among pigs concerning time of seroconversion (between 6 and 37 days p.i.), maximum OD-level attained (between 8 and 130% of a reference serum) and persistence of reaction. At the time of necropsy, 18 weeks p.i., 67% of the S. typhimurium inoculated pigs were found seropositive, while 100% of the S. infantis inoculated pigs were found seropositive at necropsy, 9 weeks p.i. Salmonella in internal organs were detected at necropsy in 4/22 of the S. typhimurium inoculated pigs with persistent anti-LPS reaction and all 3 S. infantis inoculated pigs but in none of the antibody-negative pigs. The ELISA is therefore suitable for screening for the presence of infection with S. typhimurium or S. infantis on a herd basis. Its suitability for other serotypes of Salmonella will require further testing.Veterinary Microbiology 01/1996; 47(3-4):205-18. · 3.13 Impact Factor