PCV salvage chemotherapy for recurrent primary CNS lymphoma.

Departments of Neurology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.3). 05/2000; 54(8):1707-8. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.54.8.1707
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) recurring after methotrexate is poor (objective response rates [ORR] = 26-53 %; 1-year overall survival [OS] = 35-57 %). Salvage PCNSL chemotherapies have been based on the use of different agents to avoid cross-resistance; however, methotrexate is the most active agent in PCNSL, and methotrexate re-challenge may be an effective strategy for recurrent disease. We report our experience with methotrexate re-challenge in PCNSL. We reviewed 39 patients with histologically confirmed PCNSL who responded to methotrexate at initial diagnosis, experienced disease relapse and received methotrexate re-challenge. At the time of re-challenge, median age was 66 and median Karnofsky performance score (KPS) was 70. Median time from initial diagnosis was 26 m. Twenty-six patients were at first relapse and 13 at second or later relapse. At re-challenge, methotrexate was given in combination with other agents to 33 patients and as a single agent to six. The objective response rate was 85 %, with a complete response in 29 (75 %) patients, partial response in four (10 %) and disease progression in six (15 %). At median follow-up of 26 m, the median progression-free survival was 16 m; 1-year OS was 79 % (95 % CI 63-89) and median OS was 41 m. KPS was a prognostic factor for progression free survival (p = 0.04). In this population selected by previous methotrexate response, methotrexate re-challenge was a safe and effective strategy, indicating chemosensitivity was retained. Efficacy compared favorably to other salvage treatments suggesting methotrexate re-challenge should be considered in recurrent PCNSL patients who previously responded to methotrexate.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11060-014-1370-0 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is comparatively limited therapy for recurrent primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Salvage therapies include re-challenge with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX), whole brain radiotherapy, temozolomide, topotecan and premetrexed. Bendamustine is a novel bifunctional alkylator with established activity in B cell systemic lymphomas but never previously evaluated in PCNSL. The objective of the current study was to assess response and toxicity of bendamustine in recurrent PCNSL following prior salvage therapy in a retrospective case series. Twelve adults [six males; six females: median age 59 years (range 43-74)] with HD-MTX refractory recurrent PCNSL were treated with bendamustine. All patients were treated at second recurrence following failure of prior salvage therapy. A cycle of bendamustine was defined as two consecutive days of treatment (100 mg/m(2)/day) administered once every 4 weeks (maximum number of cycles 6). Toxicities seen were Grade 2 (24 episodes in 10 patients) and 3 (10 episodes in 5 patients) only and included lymphopenia (8 patients), hyperglycemia (7 patients), fatigue (7 patients) and nausea (4 patients). The median number of cycles of therapy was 3.5 (range 1-6). Radiographic response was progressive disease in 5 (42 %), stable disease in 1 (8 %), partial response in 3 (25 %) and complete response in 3 (25 %). Median progression free survival (PFS) was 3.5 months (range 1-14 months) and 6-month PFS was 33 %. In this small retrospective series of select patients with recurrent PCNSL refractory to HD-MTX, bendamustine appears to have modest single agent activity with manageable toxicity. Confirmation in a larger series of similar patients is required.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2014; 118(1). DOI:10.1007/s11060-014-1411-8 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Therapeutic options are limited in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) with no uniform consensus on optimal management and few published, randomized trials. High-dose methotrexate in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents forms the mainstay of treatment. There hasn’t been much progress beyond high-dose methotrexate in this disease, and although results from trials using high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem-cell transplant seem promising, these need to be further validated. Moreover, the role of whole brain radiation in the upfront setting remains to be determined. However, international efforts in this direction are underway, with ongoing randomized trials in newly diagnosed PCNSL, more research on the molecular pathogenesis and biomarkers, and the use of novel agents in salvage therapy. There also is emphasis on quality of life parameters and neurocognitive status. Future treatment options should optimize high-efficacy rates while minimizing the risk of neurotoxicity.
    Current Treatment Options in Oncology 12/2013; 14(4). DOI:10.1007/s11864-013-0252-6 · 3.24 Impact Factor