SEREX analysis for tumor antigen identification in a mouse model of adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT Evaluation of immunotherapy strategies in mouse models of carcinoma is hampered by the limited number of known murine tumor antigens (Ags). Although tumor Ags can be identified based on cytotoxic T-cell activation, this approach is not readily accomplished for many tumor types. We applied an alternative strategy based on a humoral immune response, SEREX, to the identification of tumor Ags in the murine colon adenocarcinoma cell line MC38. Immunization of syngeneic C57BL/6 mice with MC38 cells by three different methods induced a protective immune response with concomitant production of anti-MC38 antibodies. Immunoscreening of an MC38-derived expression library resulted in the identification of the endogenous ecotropic leukemia virus envelope (env) protein and the murine ATRX protein as candidate tumor Ags. Northern blot analysis demonstrated high levels of expression of the env transcript in MC38 cells and in several other murine tumor cell lines, whereas expression in normal colonic epithelium was absent. ATRX was found to be variably expressed in tumor cell lines and in normal tissue. Further analysis of the expressed env sequence indicated that it represents a nonmutated tumor Ag. Polynucleotide immunization with DNA encoding the env polypeptide resulted in strong and specific antibody responses to this self Ag in all immunized mice. Thus, SEREX offers a rapid means of identifying tumor Ags in murine cancer models.
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ABSTRACT: Cancer vaccines are entering a new phase of popularity, in part because of the recognition of when a therapeutic vaccine is most effective and the identification of appropriate target antigens. New technologies, most notably gene transfection into dendritic cell and DNA vaccination approaches, have spurred further clinical evaluations. While many researchers consider humoral responses as not being viable for large tumors, these responses may play a role in regulating micrometastases (i.e., adjuvant setting). The recent approval of antibodies as therapeutics for cancer treatment has lent to the viability of this therapy concept. The success of carbohydrate-conjugate vaccines in bacterial systems has also renewed interest in developing such vaccines for cancer immunotherapy. Carbohydrates can be further converted into peptide/protein mimetics with several of these mimetics in clinical trials. These mimetic forms can be manipulated into DNA vaccine types that may be combined into DNA cassettes that contain CTL-associated epitopes to further define a novel strategy for future vaccine development.BioTechniques 02/2001; 30(1):170-2, 174, 176 passim. · 2.67 Impact Factor