Pyoderma gangrenosum as an early revelator of acute leukemia.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Gent, Belgium.
Dermatology (Impact Factor: 2.02). 02/2000; 200(2):176-8. DOI: 10.1159/000018360
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bullous pyoderma gangrenosum is an atypical, more superficial variety of the classical pyoderma and is often associated with myeloproliferative disorders. We present the case of a patient who presented initially with subcutaneous nodules and who developed bullous lesions afterwards. Histological evaluation showed the presence of neutrophilic infiltrates in both lesions. A few months after the diagnosis of bullous pyoderma gangrenosum, an underlying leukemia was revealed. Our case illustrates the importance of regular blood and bone marrow examinations in patients with atypical bullous pyoderma gangrenosum, resulting in a rapid diagnosis of the underlying disease.

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    ABSTRACT: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an ulcerative skin disorder characterized by neutrophilic infiltrations. PG is generally classified into four types: (i) ulcerative; (ii) pustular; (iii) bullous; and (iv) vegetative. Among them, bullous PG is known as a rare type. Herein, we report a case of bullous PG together with a summary of the 12 PG cases treated in our department over the previous 15 years, and we review 38 well-documented bullous PG cases (65.8% female; aged 18-80 years [mean ± standard deviation, 51.6 ± 16.8]) in the published work, including the present case, from 1972-2011. Although the disease most frequently associated with PG is inflammatory bowel disease, bullous PG is most commonly associated with hematological disorders (25/38, 65.8%), which indicates the characteristic pathophysiology specific to bullous PG.
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    ABSTRACT: We report here a case of pyoderma gangrenosum in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome developing into myeloid sarcoma as a sign of transformation to acute leukaemia. The patient was treated successfully with intensive chemotherapy and achieved complete remission, and her otherwise expanding ulcers started to heal. This is the first reported case of secondary blastic infiltration in pyoderma gangrenosum, and it underlines the importance of performing re-biopsy of non-healing ulcers, especially in patients with an underlying haematological disease.
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    ABSTRACT: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) shows characteristic non-infectious ulcers that are commonly associated with systemic diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, myeloproliferative disorders or aortitis syndrome. The typical clinical appearance is undermining ulcers with reddish and irregular borders on the legs. As PG has these notable signs, the diagnosis is relatively easy and its treatment depends on the severity of underlying complications. We report a case of a 60-year-old Japanese man, diagnosed with bullous PG, who also had been suffering from myeloperoxidase antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive microscopic polyangiitis and pulmonary aspergillosis. This case displayed soft whitish ulcers that existed on the rough ulcer base, with irregular borders, on his bilateral dorsal hands. Initially, it seemed to be cutaneous secondary aspergillosis because the host was already infected with pulmonary aspergillosis in both lungs. The differential diagnosis of PG from aspergillosis was from the sterile bullae or neutrophilic bullae on his right forearm, which evolved into ulcers in a few days. This case was finally diagnosed as bullous PG and a topical glucocorticoid was very effective to epithelize the ulcers in 2-3 weeks.
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