Pyoderma gangrenosum as an early revelator of acute leukemia
ABSTRACT Bullous pyoderma gangrenosum is an atypical, more superficial variety of the classical pyoderma and is often associated with myeloproliferative disorders. We present the case of a patient who presented initially with subcutaneous nodules and who developed bullous lesions afterwards. Histological evaluation showed the presence of neutrophilic infiltrates in both lesions. A few months after the diagnosis of bullous pyoderma gangrenosum, an underlying leukemia was revealed. Our case illustrates the importance of regular blood and bone marrow examinations in patients with atypical bullous pyoderma gangrenosum, resulting in a rapid diagnosis of the underlying disease.
- International Journal of Dermatology 03/2001; 40(2):144-7. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The frequency of occurrence of malignant neoplasms in the cases of pyoderma gangrenosum is not exactly determined, but it can be assessed to be at 7%. The aim of the study was to report a 26-year-old male patient with pyoderma gangrenosum coexisting with acute myelogenous leukaemia. The first skin lesions on both tibia occurred in June 2001. Prior to the proper diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum, the patient was treated surgically. Because of the dramatic dermatological and general condition in November 2001, the patient was admitted to the Dermatological Department of the Silesian Medical Academy in Katowice where the diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum was established. On the clinical and biochemical picture, the diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum within acute myelogenous leukaemia was made. Initially, cyclosporin A 200 mg orally per day in the therapy of pyoderma gangrenosum was administered to achieve a slight clinical improvement. Although chemotherapy leukaemia was performed, the patient died after 4 months of the confirmation of the acute myelogenous leukaemia diagnosis.Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 10/2005; 19(5):589-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2005.01202.x · 3.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Well-designed studies that help guide physicians to apply the optimal therapeutic strategy for the management of pyoderma gangrenosum are lacking in the literature. A multidisciplinary approach is paramount for the effective management of this condition, with close involvement of a wound-care specialist and a microbiologist. Treatment should be stepwise in nature. Local wound care, avoidance of trauma and the application of local steroid or tacrolimus ointment are the first-line treatments. Steroid therapy is the most widely published effective therapy for achieving resolution of pyoderma gangrenosum, although there is growing evidence for the efficacy of infliximab in refractory cases. Other therapies such as dapsone and clofazamine should be left as third-line agents for refractory pyoderma gangrenosum, while novel treatments such as granulocyte apheresis should only be used under trial conditions, to gain an objective evaluation of their efficacy. This article reviews the published treatment strategies in current use, and aims to guide the effective management of pyoderma gangrenosum.Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology & Hepatology 01/2006; 2(12):587-94. DOI:10.1038/ncpgasthep0339 · 5.33 Impact Factor