Comparison of thermodynamic stabilities between PNA (peptide nucleic acid)/DNA hybrid duplexes and DNA/DNA duplexes.
ABSTRACT We have examined quantitatively stabilities of PNA/DNA hybrid duplexes with identical nearest-neighbor base pairs and compared stabilities between PNA/DNA and DNA/DNA. The average difference of stabilization energy of the short PNA/DNA was 0.9 kcal mol(-1), which suggests that the stability of the hybrids with identical nearest-neighbor base pairs can be predicted with the nearest-neighbor model as well as those of nucleic acid duplexes.
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ABSTRACT: Mutation(s) of the JAK2 gene (V617F) has been described in a significant proportion of Philadelphia negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) patients and its detection is now a cornerstone in the diagnostic algorithm. We developed a novel assay based on peptide nucleic acid (PNA) technology coupled to immuno-fluorescence microscopy (PNA-FISH) for the specific detection at a single cell level of JAK2-mutation thus improving both the diagnostic resolution and the study of clonal prevalence. Using this assay we found a percentage of mutated CD34+ cells ranging from 40% to 100% in Polycythemia Vera patients, from 15% to 80% in Essential Thrombocythemia and from 25% to 100% in Primary Myelofibrosis. This method allows to distinguish, with a high degree of specificity, at single cell level, between CD34+ progenitor stem cells harbouring the mutated or the wild type form of JAK2 in NPM patients. This method allows to identify multiple gene abnormalities which will be of paramount relevance to understand the pathophysiology and the evolution of any type of cancer.BMC Cancer 07/2013; 13(1):348. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-13-348 · 3.32 Impact Factor