N-linked oligosaccharide structures in the diamine oxidase from porcine kidney.

Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA.
Carbohydrate Research (Impact Factor: 1.97). 02/2000; 323(1-4):111-25. DOI: 10.1016/S0008-6215(99)00254-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Structures of the N-linked glycans released from porcine kidney diamine oxidase (DAO) were characterized utilizing various analytical techniques, including matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI/TOF-MS), high-performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE), and high-pH anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). The oligosaccharide sequences present in DAO were conclusively determined using specific exoglycosidases in conjunction with MALDI/TOF-MS. The structures found in the glycoprotein are primarily linear, di-, or tribranched fucosylated complex type. MS analysis of the esterified N-glycan pool derived from DAO indicated the presence of several di- and trisialylated structures.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An on-line high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS) method is described for the rapid characterization of any type of oligosaccharide released from glycoproteins. The procedure can be applied without further manipulation to fractions collected from a high-performance anion-exchange chromatography-pulse amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) system commonly used for glycosylation mapping of glycoproteins, or to a pool of oligosaccharides directly released from glycoproteins. The system consists of a porous graphitized high-performance chromatography column (Hypercarb) coupled to a quadrupole time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. Oligosaccharides are eluted from the column with a gradient of ammonium acetate/acetonitrile and directly identified following in-source fragmentation. Some applications of the method are presented, as well as information about the spectra and fragmentation behavior observed for N- and O-linked oligosaccharides released from some recombinant glycoproteins. Low femtomole limits of detection are achieved using proper miniaturization.
    Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 02/2002; 16(13):1320-9. · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The immunogenic nonhuman carbohydrate sequences in membrane proteins from porcine kidney were identified and characterized using MALDI-TOF MS and ESI-QTOF-MS. The MALDI profile, investigated by incubation with exoglycosidases, showed a series of about 40 carbohydrates that were identified as high mannose glycans (Man(3-9)GlcNAc2) and complex bi-, tri-, and tetra-antennary glycans with and without core fucose. The antennae of many of the complex glycans were terminated with alpha-galactose residues, with the numbers of these residues ranging from one up to the number of antennae. Negative ion ESI-MS/MS spectra confirmed the location of the alpha-galactose residues on the ends of the antennae. This total glycan profile of the membrane proteins from porcine kidney will thus provide important information for the study of molecular interactions between antigenic carbohydrates and proteins in xenotransplantation.
    PROTEOMICS 02/2006; 6(4):1133-42. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An acidic prolyl endoprotease from Aspergillus niger was isolated from the commercial product Brewers Clarex to evaluate its possible application in proteomics. The chromatographic purification yielded a single protein band in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis providing an apparent molecular mass of 63 kDa and a broad peak (m/z 58,061) in linear matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) indicating the glycoprotein nature of the enzyme. Indeed, a colorimetric assessment with phenol and sulfuric acid showed the presence of neutral sugars (9% of weight). The subsequent treatment with N-glycosidase F released a variety of high-mannose type N-glycans, which were successfully detected using MALDI-TOF MS. MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem MS analysis of glycopeptides from a tryptic digest of prolyl endoprotease unraveled the identity of the N-glycosylation site in the primary structure. The data obtained also show that the enzyme is present in its processed form, i.e. without putative signal and propeptide parts. Spectrophotometric measurements demonstrated optimal activity at pH 4.0-4.5 and also high thermostability for the cleavage at the C-terminal part of proline residues. In-solution digestion of standard proteins (12-200 kDa) allowed to evaluate the cleavage specificity. The enzyme acts upon proline and alanine residues, but there is an additional minor cleavage at some other residues like Gly, Leu, Arg, Ser and Tyr. The digestion of a honeybee peptide comprising six proline residues (apidaecin 1A) led to the detection of specific peptides terminated by proline as it was confirmed by MALDI postsource decay analysis.
    Biological Mass Spectrometry 09/2009; 44(11):1587-95. · 2.71 Impact Factor