Adjustable Gastric Banding: 5-Year Experience

University of Milan, Milano, Lombardy, Italy
Obesity Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.75). 05/2000; 10(2):171-3. DOI: 10.1381/096089200321668730
Source: PubMed


From 1993 to 1999, 172 patients underwent adjustable silicone gastric banding (ASGB) or laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB). In 109 patients the adjustable band was placed via laparoscopy; in the other patients it was placed via laparotomy (prelaparoscopic era, conversions from other bariatric operations, conversions for laparoscopic failure). The conversion rate from laparoscopy to laparotomy was 9.3%, occurring in the early part of our experience.
Mean age was 37.9 years, weight 135 +/- 14.8 kg (82-218) and BMI 46.3 +/- 5.4 (35.1-69.5). All patients had multiple band adjustments, temporary antisecretive, electrolyte and vitamin therapy, and follow-up per routine.
Weight loss at 3 years was 30.2%; mean percent loss of excess weight was 62.5%. There was no mortality. The most important technical complications were: gastric pouch dilatation that required band replacement or removal (5.8 %); mild gastric pouch dilatation reversible with adequate dietary and pharmacological treatment (4.6%); intraoperative gastric perforation (2.3%); band migration (0.6%). The band was removed in 2.3%, with conversion to another bariatric procedure in 1.1%.
Results have been satisfactory thus far.

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    • "In addition, it is the only form of obesity surgery that is reversible. The long-term weight loss is approximately 50% of excess weight [1-4]. LAGB is associated with low morbidity and mortality. "
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is the most frequently performed bariatric procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity and is associated with low morbidity and mortality. Complications related to obesity surgery are rare and their presentation is often non-specific. Thus, it is highly important for physicians who are practising bariatric surgery to be aware of complications described in single-case studies or series when they come across similar complications even years after the primary bariatric operation. We report the case of a 47-year-old Malay woman who was admitted with symptoms and signs suggesting intestinal obstruction five years after gastric band placement. In our patient, the band connection wire tube was the cause of both small bowel obstruction and colonic erosion. Computed axial tomography is the cornerstone of the investigation of such patients. After surgical removal of the connecting tube, our patient recovered without sequelae.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 01/2012; 6(1):9. DOI:10.1186/1752-1947-6-9
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    • "Our experience with patients who conceived after weight loss is not unique [15,27–30]. However, pregnancy following weight loss surgery, among women who have been previously diagnosed with infertility, has only been reported by Doldi et al. [31]. We believe it is noteworthy that all 5 patients who were infertile before surgery were able to conceive without the aid of clomiphene. "
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    ABSTRACT: Many women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are overweight. This study investigated the impact of weight loss surgery on the clinical manifestations of this disorder in morbidly obese women with PCOS-a major risk factor for the development of heart disease, stroke, and type II diabetes. We reviewed the outcomes of women diagnosed with PCOS who had undergone weight loss surgery at the University of Pittsburgh between July 1997 and November 2001. We evaluated the changes in menstrual cycles, hirsutism, infertility, and type II diabetes. A total of 24 women with PCOS were included in the study. Their mean age was 34 +/- 9.7 years. The mean preoperative body weight was 306 +/- 44 lb, with a body mass index of 50 +/- 7.5. All patients were oligomenorrheic. Of the 24 patients, 23 were hirsute. All women underwent elective laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The mean follow-up period was 27.5 +/- 16 months. The mean excess weight loss at 1 year of follow-up was 56.7% +/- 21.2%. All women resumed normal menstrual cycles after a mean of 3.4 +/- 2.1 months postoperatively. Of the 23 women with hirsutism, 12 (52%) had complete resolution at a mean follow-up of 8 +/- 2.3 months, 6 (25%) had moderate resolution at a mean of 21 +/- 18 months, and 3 had minimal resolution at 34 +/- 14 months. Two women reported no change in their hirsutism at 32 +/- 7 months. Five women were able to conceive after surgery without the use of clomiphene. Gastric bypass surgery and its consequent weight loss results in significant improvement of multiple clinical problems related to PCOS.
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