Article

Characterization of the myo-inositol transport system in Trypanosoma cruzi

Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
European Journal of Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 3.58). 06/2000; 267(9):2533-7. DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2000.01302.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT myo-inositol is a growth factor for mammalian cells as well as for the pathogenic protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi. Most of the cell surface molecules in this organism rely on myo-inositol as the biosynthetic precursor for phosphoinositides and glycosylated phosphatidylinositols. The aim of this work was to investigate the process of myo-inositol translocation across the parasite cell membrane. myo-Inositol uptake was concentration-dependent in the concentration range 0.1-10 microM with maximal transport obtained at 8 microM. Using sodium-free buffers, where Na+ was replaced by choline or K+, myo-inositol uptake was inhibited by 50%. Furosemide, an inhibitor of the ouabain-insensitive Na+-ATPase, inhibited the Na+-dependent and Na+-independent myo-inositol uptake by 68 and 33%, respectively. In contrast, ouabain, an (Na++/K+) ATPase inhibitor, did not affect transport. Part of the myo-inositol uptake is mediated by active transport as it was inhibited when energy metabolism inhibitors such as carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy)-phenylhydrazone (34%), 2,4-dinitrophenol (50%), KCN (71%) and NaN3 (69%) were added to the medium, or the temperature of the medium was lowered to 4 degrees C. The addition of glucose (5-50 mM) or mannose (10 mM) did not change the myo-inositol uptake, whereas the addition of 10 mM nonlabeled myo-inositol totally inhibited this transport, indicating that the transporter is specific for myo-inositol. Phloretin (0.3 mM) and phoridzin (5 mM), but not cytochalasin B, were efficient inhibitors of myo-inositol uptake. A portion of the accumulated myo-inositol is converted to inositol phosphates and phosphoinositides. These data show that myo-inositol transport in T. cruzi epimastigotes is mediated by at least two specific transporters - one Na+-dependent and the other Na+-independent.

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