A 4-year-old girl presented with an eosinophilic granuloma in the cranial vault. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed the mass as slightly low intensity on T1- and high intensity on T2-weighted images. The pericranial soft tissue was densely enhanced after gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid infusion. The mass was soft and successfully removed. Histological examination disclosed Langerhans' cell histiocytosis. MR imaging is useful for the diagnosis of calvarial eosinophilic granuloma with soft tissue involvement.
"In contrast, Takeuchi et al. reported on a case in which the surrounding dura mater is reinforced in the same manner, but reported this as dura mater invasion. Regarding the enhancing effect of subcutaneous soft tissue as well, Keyaki et al. reported that this was a tumor invasion from the histopathology. However, there are reports mentioning that this was a change in reactivity, and a consistent consensus has not been reached. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The problem with treatments against skull lesions of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is that invasions often reach the bones and dura mater, making it difficult to accurately comprehend the range thereof prior to surgery. We herein report that (11)C-methionine positron emission tomography (PET) (Met-PET) carried out prior to surgery was useful in comprehending the spreading of the lesion.
A 20-year-old female presented with swelling and dull pain on the left side of the head. A slightly heterogeneously reinforced tumor was observed inside the bone defect in the gadolinium-enhanced T1-wighted image upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the dura mater contacting the tumor was observed with an enhancing effect. Accumulation was poor in the center of the tumor upon Met-PET, and accumulation with a well-defined border was observed in the border thereof as well as the area adjacent to the brain. Surgical resection was performed; the pathological diagnosis was LCH. An invasion of tumor cells was observed in the dura mater with accumulation observed according to Met-PET. Moreover, the accumulation of tumor cells was observed in the area observed with accumulation inside the bone; however, the center part with poor accumulation lacked tumor cells, with fibrous tissue accounting for most parts.
Met-PET was believed to be helpful in comprehending the spreading of the tumor in the surroundings of the brain surface for skull lesions.
Surgical Neurology International 02/2014; 5(1):27. DOI:10.4103/2152-7806.127891 · 1.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 15-year-old male visited our neurological service with progressive occipitalgia. Computed tomography showed an osteolytic lesion at the occipital cranium, which grew rapidly during a month. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the lesion as low intensity on T1- and high intensity on T2-weighted images. The mass was soft and successfully removed with surrounding cranium. Histological examination revealed an eosinophilic granuloma with wide skull invasion. Immunohistochemical analysis on the specimen disclosed Ki-67 expression with labeling index of 6.2%. Relatively high proliferative activity in the present case indicates that the local replication of Langerhans' cells as well as inflammatory response contributes to the expansion of calvarial eosinophilic granuloma. This is the first report demonstrating the result of Ki-67 expression on calvarial eosinophilic granuloma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study presents 22 cases of pediatric patients harboring an eosinophilic granuloma (EG) of the skull.
Twenty-two patients (13 males, 9 females; mean age, 7.5 years; range, 3-14 years) with a suspected diagnosis of a cranial EG were enrolled in the study. They all had been preoperatively evaluated by skull x-ray and computed tomography, whereas 10 patients additionally underwent magnetic resonance imaging. To rule out a multifocal disease, scintigraphy was performed in all cases preoperatively. Surgical excision of the lesions was performed, and EG was proven histopathologically.
There was a male predominance. Frontal bone was the most common affected bone. One patient had a multifocal disease. Total excision of the lesion was performed in 19 of 22 patients. No patient received postoperative radiotherapy. In the remaining 3 cases because of the periorbital localization of the EG and the subsequent risk of disfigurement, only a biopsy was performed. These patients were treated with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim for 6 months. All 3 lesions were resolved. The follow-up examinations ranged from 6 months to 17 years, with a mean follow-up of 6.2 years, and no tumor recurrence was noted.
We conclude that EG is a benign disease. At the time of diagnosis, a bone scan should be performed to rule out a multifocal disease. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice. Nevertheless, for lesions in which excision can cause cosmetic defects, administration of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim after biopsy appeared to be an effective alternative treatment.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 04/2009; 44(3):571-4. DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.07.005 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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