[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract As an increase in pain symptoms among children has been shown in the last decades, the aim of this study was to describe perceptions of recurrent pain, measured physical fitness and levels of reported physical activity (PA) in children, and to investigate if any associations between PA, fitness and recurrent pain could be identified. A school-based study comprised 206 Swedish children 8-12 years old, 114 boys, 92 girls. A questionnaire with questions about perceived pain, self-reported PA and lifestyle factors was used. Health-related fitness was assessed by 11 physical tests. A physical index was calculated from these tests as a z score. High physical index indicated high fitness and low physical index indicated low fitness. ANOVA test, chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to compare active and inactive children. The prevalence of one pain location (head, abdomen or back) was 26%, two 11% and three 4% (n=206). Female gender, living in single-parent families, low PA and low subjective health were associated with reported recurrent pain. Children reporting high levels of PA had high physical index and reported low prevalence of pain symptoms. The physical index and level of self-reported PA decreased gradually the more pain locations. Physically active children had higher fitness levels and reported less pain symptoms than inactive peers. Coping with pain is an integral part of PA, and active children learn to cope with unpleasant body sensations which together with high fitness may reduce the perception of pain.
European journal of sport science. 09/2013; 13(5):591-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were to assess corticomotor excitability in people with fibromyalgia during a noxious stimulus before and after fatiguing exercise and examine associations with pain perception. Fifteen women with fibromyalgia completed three sessions: one familiarization and two experimental. The experimental sessions were randomized and involved measurement of pain perception and motor evoked potentials before and after (1) quiet rest and (2) isometric contraction of the elbow flexor muscles. Motor evoked potential amplitude of brachioradialis muscle was measured following transcranial magnetic stimulation delivered before, during, and after a noxious mechanical stimulus. After quiet rest, there was no change in pain perception. After the submaximal contraction, there was considerable variability in the pain response. Based on the changes in the experimental pain, subjects were divided into three groups (increase, decrease, and no change in pain). There was an interaction between pain response and the pain-induced change in motor evoked potentials. Those individuals who had an increase in motor evoked potentials during the pain test had an increase in pain after exercise. Thus, women with fibromyalgia were classified based on their pain response to exercise, and this response was associated with the change in corticomotor excitability during the application of a noxious stimulus.
Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 02/2014; 31(1):94-8. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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