Article

Thyroid transcription factor-1 in normal, hyperplastic, and neoplastic follicular thyroid cells examined by immunohistochemistry and nonradioactive in situ hybridization

Department of Pathology, Yamanashi Medical University School of Medicine, Tamaho, Japan.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.36). 06/2000; 13(5):570-6. DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.3880098
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) has been known to regulate the transcriptional activity of thyroid-specific genes. We examined the expression of TTF-1 in non-neoplastic and neoplastic thyroid tissues. By immunohistochemistry, the nuclei of normal and hyperplastic follicular cells strongly reacted with the antibody against TTF-1. Immunohistochemistry also revealed a distinctive nuclear positivity of TTF-1 in all 33 differentiated follicular cell tumors, including 15 follicular adenomas, 5 follicular carcinomas, and 13 papillary carcinomas. No immunoreactions were observed in three of four undifferentiated carcinomas, whereas an isolated and weak nuclear positivity was obtained in one. In normal and hyperplastic tissues, the distribution of TTF-1 was fairly related to that of thyroid-specific proteins thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase. However, discrepancies in the distribution were observed in tumor tissues. By in situ hybridization, the riboprobe hybridized distinctively with the cytoplasm of neoplastic cells as well as normal follicular cells. Papillary carcinoma cells expressed TTF-1 mRNA in all but two cases, and its expression was also demonstrated in one of four undifferentiated carcinomas. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction confirmed the presence of TTF-1 mRNA in two human undifferentiated carcinoma cell lines, TTA-1 and TTA-2. In conclusion, the investigation of TTF-1 provides useful information on the functional activities and/or differentiation of thyroid tumors and may lead to an increase in our understanding of the biologic nature of thyroid tumors.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Koichi Suzuki, Apr 02, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
44 Views
  • Source
    • "The thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is a protein belonging to the homeobox-containing gene family. This kind of protein plays very important roles in development, cell growth and differentiation processes [1]. TTF-1 is required for expression of the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor gene in thyroid cells and essential for the morphogenesis of the thyroid, lung and ventral forebrain [2]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the immunohistochemical diagnosis, including TTF-1 (thyroid transcription factor 1) and Ki-67, of a rare mixed thyroid neoplasm composed of minimally invasive well differentiated follicular areas and highly aggressive undifferentiated anaplastic areas. A 75 old female presented to our clinic with a rapidly growing neck mass. Considering the dynamics of the disease and the multiple challenges presented by the patient: advanced age, tumor size, history of a longstanding goiter we decided to transfer her to the department of surgery. The intraoperative findings were an enlarged right lobe with tracheal and surrounding tissues infiltration. Total thyroidectomy, radical neck lymph nodes dissection and tracheostomy were performed. The histopathological and immunohistochemical examination revealed a coexistent anaplastic and follicular thyroid carcinoma. The proliferation index Ki-67, a cell proliferation marker, was found to be significantly higher in the anaplastic areas (30 +/- 5%) in the comparison with the follicular areas (2 +/- 1%). The evaluation of the thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) expression revealed a correlation with the tumor cells aggressiveness accordingly to the cancer areas. After a radical surgery an external adjuvant radiation was applied. The patient is alive and more than five years after diagnosis she presented an increase of the serum thyroglobulin level suggesting, probably, a recurrence of the follicular form of the cancer. According to our survey we suggest that in thyroid cancers TTF-1 and Ki-67 could provides useful information on the differentiation activities of thyroid tumor cells and may be helpful to distinguish well differentiated and undifferentiated areas in a mixed thyroid cancer.
    Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 02/2008; 46(4):461-4. DOI:10.2478/v10042-008-0071-y · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) is a nuclear protein regulating the transcriptional activity of lung-specific genes in the normal and neoplastic bronchioloalveolar cells. It has been implicated in the normal growth and development of the lung, and the disruption of the TTF-1 locus leads to neonatal death with pulmonary hypoplasia. We evaluated retrospectively the prevalence and clinical significance of TTF-1 immunoreactivity in 222 patients with stage I non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) with a follow-up time of at least 5 years, and we investigated its relationship with other markers of tumor growth, namely cell proliferation and angiogenesis. TTF-1 immunoreactivity was documented by using the commercially available monoclonal antibody 8G7G3/1 in 72% of 97 adenocarcinomas, 5% of 119 squamous cell carcinomas, and in the glandular component of two adenosquamous carcinomas. Four large cell carcinomas were completely unreactive. In adenocarcinomas, but not squamous cell carcinomas, TTF-1 immunoreactivity correlated significantly with microvessel density (p = 0.04) and inversely with the tumor proliferation fraction assessed by Ki-67 immunostaining (p = 0.03). Also, TTF-1-immunoreactive adenocarcinomas showed a trend for a size less than 3 cm (p = 0.08). TTF-1 expression was not related to specific growth patterns, tumor grade, or tumor cell typing. TTF-1 immunoreactivity did not significantly affect patient survival, although patients with more than 75% immunoreactive neoplastic cells showed a trend for longer overall and disease-free survival. Our findings suggest that TTF-1 could be involved in the development of small pulmonary adenocarcinomas, but it has not prognostic implications in patients with stage I NSCLC.
    American Journal of Surgical Pathology 04/2001; 25(3):363-72. DOI:10.1097/00000478-200103000-00011 · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The thyroid gland is composed of many ball-like structures called thyroid follicles, which are supported by the interfollicular extracellular matrix (ECM) and a capillary network. The component thyrocytes are highly integrated in their specific structural and functional polarization. In conventional monolayer and floating culture systems, thyrocytes cannot organize themselves into follicles with normal polarity. In contrast, in 3-D collagen gel culture, thyrocytes easily form stable follicles with physiological polarity. Integration of thyrocyte growth and differentiation results ultimately in thyroid folliculogenesis. This culture method and subacute thyroiditis are two promising models for addressing mechanisms of folliculogenesis, because thyroid-follicle formation actively occurs both in the culture system and at the regenerative phase of the disorder. The understanding of the mechanistic basis of folliculogenesis is prerequisite for generation of artificial thyroid tissue, which would enable a more physiological strategy to the treatment of hypothyroidism caused by various diseases and surgical processes than conventional hormone replacement therapy. We review here thyrocyte integration, and thyroid folliculogenesis and tissue regeneration. We also briefly discuss a perspective for thyroid tissue regeneration and engineering.
    Pathology International 07/2001; 51(6):403-17. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1827.2001.01218.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
Show more