[The anthropometric indices, morbidity and mortality of newborn infants with diabetic fetopathy].
ABSTRACT A study was carried out to examine the anthropometric characteristics, neonatal morbidity and mortality in newborn infants with diabetic fetopathy.
Infant anthropometric measurements were obtained, neonatal morbidity and early neonatal mortality were determined in 15 neonates with diabetic fetopathy over 6 years.
Among the study population, 33.3% of children had macrosomia. The incidence of aspiration syndrome and meconium aspiration syndrome was 40%, transient tachypnea was 33% and the observed incidence of hyaline membrane disease was 26%. The cardiologic pathology was result of patent ductus arteriosus, myocardial hypertrophy and persistent pulmonary hypertension. The most frequent biochemical changes were transient neonatal hypoglycemia and hyperbilirubinemia. The perinatal mortality rate was 26.7%, with cases of hemorrhagic disease of newborn and the incidence of neonatal thromboembolism.
Despite the current improvements of diabetes care in pregnancy, newborn infants with diabetic fetopathy have a high level of morbidity and early neonatal mortality.